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Results: 1 to 20 of 62

1.

Dementia

Dementia is the name for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease. People with dementia may not be able to think well enough to do normal activities, such as getting dressed or eating. They may lose their ability to solve problems or control their emotions. Their personalities may change. They may become agitated or see things that are not there. . Memory loss is a common symptom of dementia. However, memory loss by itself does not mean you have dementia. People with dementia have serious problems with two or more brain functions, such as memory and language. Although dementia is common in very elderly people, it is not part of normal aging. Many different diseases can cause dementia, including Alzheimer's disease and stroke. Drugs are available to treat some of these diseases. While these drugs cannot cure dementia or repair brain damage, they may improve symptoms or slow down the disease. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
99229
Concept ID:
C0497327
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a psychosis, a disorder of thought and sense of self. Although it affects emotions, it is distinguished from mood disorders in which such disturbances are primary. Similarly, there may be mild impairment of cognitive function, and it is distinguished from the dementias in which disturbed cognitive function is considered primary. There is no characteristic pathology, such as neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer disease (104300). Schizophrenia is a common disorder with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1%. It is highly heritable but the genetics are complex. This may not be a single entity. Reviews In a review of schizophrenia, van Os and Kapur (2009) noted that in Japan the term schizophrenia was abandoned and the illness is now called integration-dysregulation syndrome. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
48574
Concept ID:
C0036341
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Mental Depression

Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It's more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include : -Sadness. -Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy. -Change in weight. -Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping. -Energy loss. -Feelings of worthlessness. -Thoughts of death or suicide. Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and biochemical factors. Depression usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30, and is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder. There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants and talk therapy. Most people do best by using both. . NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8325
Concept ID:
C0011570
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Hallucinations

A sight, sound, smell, taste, or touch that a person believes to be real but is not real. Hallucinations can be caused by nervous system disease, certain drugs, or mental disorders. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6709
Concept ID:
C0018524
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Delusions

A disorder characterized by false personal beliefs held contrary to reality, despite contradictory evidence and common sense. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3715
Concept ID:
C0011253
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness. People who have it go through unusual mood changes. They go from very happy, up, and active to very sad and hopeless, down, and inactive, and then back again. They often have normal moods in between. The up feeling is called mania. The down feeling is depression. The causes of bipolar disorder aren't always clear. It runs in families. Abnormal brain structure and function may also play a role. Bipolar disorder often starts in a person's late teen or early adult years. But children and adults can have bipolar disorder too. The illness usually lasts a lifetime. If you think you may have it, tell your health care provider. A medical checkup can rule out other illnesses that might cause your mood changes. If not treated, bipolar disorder can lead to damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. However, there are effective treatments to control symptoms: medicine and talk therapy. A combination usually works best. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2649
Concept ID:
C0005586
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Depression

MedGen UID:
807334
Concept ID:
CN218434
Finding
8.

Hallucinations

MedGen UID:
776581
Concept ID:
C2364080
Finding
9.

Schizophrenia

A mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of thought processes and of emotional responsiveness. It most commonly manifests as auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction. The onset of symptoms typically occurs in young adulthood, with a global lifetime prevalence of about 0.3-0.7%. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506532
Concept ID:
CN117643
Finding
10.

Auditory hallucinations

MedGen UID:
506265
Concept ID:
CN007712
Finding
11.

Delusions

A belief that is pathological and is held despite evidence to the contrary. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504582
Concept ID:
CN000702
Finding
12.

Dementia

A loss of global cognitive ability of sufficient amount to interfere with normal social or occupational function. Dementia represents a loss of previously present cognitive abilities, generally in adults, and can affect memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504574
Concept ID:
CN000683
Finding
13.

Cognitive impairment

MedGen UID:
472155
Concept ID:
CN130077
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Bipolar affective disorder

MedGen UID:
429095
Concept ID:
CN006388
Finding
15.

Cognitive impairment

MedGen UID:
383844
Concept ID:
C1856145
Finding
16.

Major affective disorder 1

MedGen UID:
377615
Concept ID:
C1852197
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Symptoms

Subjective evidence of disease perceived by the patient. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
306142
Concept ID:
C1457887
Sign or Symptom
18.

Impairment

Loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomic structure or function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
151925
Concept ID:
C0684336
Pathologic Function
19.

Depression

MedGen UID:
137999
Concept ID:
C0344315
Finding
20.

Functional disorder

Deranged function in an individual or an organ that is due to a disease. (MedicineNet.com) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
124450
Concept ID:
C0277785
Pathologic Function

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