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Gastroenteritis

MedGen UID:
8967
Concept ID:
C0017160
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Gastroenteritides
SNOMED CT: Gastroenteritis (25374005); GE - Gastroenteritis (25374005)
 

Definition

Have you ever had the stomach flu? What you probably had was gastroenteritis - not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. The cause is often a norovirus infection. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing. . Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment. The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems. . NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews
  • CROGGastroenteritis

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Ahmed SM, Hall AJ, Robinson AE, Verhoef L, Premkumar P, Parashar UD, Koopmans M, Lopman BA
Lancet Infect Dis 2014 Aug;14(8):725-30. Epub 2014 Jun 26 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70767-4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24981041
Chironna M, Tafuri S, Gallone MS, Sallustio A, Martinelli D, Prato R, Germinario C
Public Health 2014 May;128(5):438-43. Epub 2014 May 22 doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2014.02.002. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24856199
Huang YF, Liu PY, Chen YY, Nong BR, Huang IF, Hsieh KS, Chen KT
J Clin Gastroenterol 2014 Jan;48(1):37-42. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31828f1c6e. PMID: 23632352
Levallois P, Chevalier P, Gingras S, Déry P, Payment P, Michel P, Rodriguez M
Zoonoses Public Health 2014 Feb;61(1):28-38. Epub 2013 Feb 14 doi: 10.1111/zph.12039. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23406420
Moore HC, Manoharan KR, Lim FJ, Shellam G, Lehmann D
Pediatr Infect Dis J 2013 Nov;32(11):1169-74. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31829dd34e. PMID: 23958809

Diagnosis

Arcangeletti MC, Germini D, Martorana D, Rodighiero I, De Conto F, Medici MC, Chezzi C, Calderaro A
J Med Microbiol 2014 Jun;63(Pt 6):812-8. Epub 2014 Mar 21 doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.072413-0. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24659810
Li T, Hong S, Peng X, Cheng M, Jiang L
Seizure 2014 Jan;23(1):16-9. Epub 2013 Sep 19 doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2013.09.003. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24125788
Mellou K, Katsioulis A, Potamiti-Komi M, Pournaras S, Kyritsi M, Katsiaflaka A, Kallimani A, Kokkinos P, Petinaki E, Sideroglou T, Georgakopoulou T, Vantarakis A, Hadjichristodoulou C
Epidemiol Infect 2014 Jan;142(1):40-50. Epub 2013 Apr 30 doi: 10.1017/S0950268813000939. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23632123
Graves NS
Prim Care 2013 Sep;40(3):727-41. Epub 2013 Jul 19 doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2013.05.006. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23958366
Manso CF, Torres E, Bou G, Romalde JL
J Med Virol 2013 Nov;85(11):2009-15. Epub 2013 Jul 12 doi: 10.1002/jmv.23680. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23852802

Therapy

Chironna M, Tafuri S, Gallone MS, Sallustio A, Martinelli D, Prato R, Germinario C
Public Health 2014 May;128(5):438-43. Epub 2014 May 22 doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2014.02.002. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24856199
Panozzo CA, Becker-Dreps S, Pate V, Weber DJ, Jonsson Funk M, Stürmer T, Brookhart MA
Am J Epidemiol 2014 Apr 1;179(7):895-909. Epub 2014 Feb 26 doi: 10.1093/aje/kwu001. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24578359Free PMC Article
Huang YF, Liu PY, Chen YY, Nong BR, Huang IF, Hsieh KS, Chen KT
J Clin Gastroenterol 2014 Jan;48(1):37-42. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31828f1c6e. PMID: 23632352
Kaboré H, Lebel A, Levallois P, Michel P, Payment P, Déry P, Lebel G
J Environ Health 2013 Oct;76(3):34-45. PMID: 24288849
Graves NS
Prim Care 2013 Sep;40(3):727-41. Epub 2013 Jul 19 doi: 10.1016/j.pop.2013.05.006. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23958366

Prognosis

Laine J, Lumio J, Toikkanen S, Virtanen MJ, Uotila T, Korpela M, Kujansuu E, Kuusi M
PLoS One 2014;9(1):e85457. Epub 2014 Jan 17 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085457. PMID: 24465569Free PMC Article
Li T, Hong S, Peng X, Cheng M, Jiang L
Seizure 2014 Jan;23(1):16-9. Epub 2013 Sep 19 doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2013.09.003. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24125788
Freedman SB, DeGroot JM, Parkin PC
J Emerg Med 2014 Jan;46(1):9-20. Epub 2013 Aug 30 doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.04.044. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23993936
Huang YF, Liu PY, Chen YY, Nong BR, Huang IF, Hsieh KS, Chen KT
J Clin Gastroenterol 2014 Jan;48(1):37-42. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31828f1c6e. PMID: 23632352
Tajiri H, Takeuchi Y, Takano T, Ohura T, Inui A, Yamamoto K, Higashidate Y, Kawashima H, Toyoda S, Ushijima K, Ramakrishnan G, Rosenlund M, Holl K
BMC Pediatr 2013 May 22;13:83. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-13-83. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23697664Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Huang YF, Liu PY, Chen YY, Nong BR, Huang IF, Hsieh KS, Chen KT
J Clin Gastroenterol 2014 Jan;48(1):37-42. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e31828f1c6e. PMID: 23632352
Derakhshanfar H, Amree AH, Alimohammadi H, Shojahe M, Sharami A
Glob J Health Sci 2013 Sep 29;5(6):197-201. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n6p197. PMID: 24171888
Manso CF, Torres E, Bou G, Romalde JL
J Med Virol 2013 Nov;85(11):2009-15. Epub 2013 Jul 12 doi: 10.1002/jmv.23680. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23852802
García Roig C, Larre N, Pastene H, Gutiérrez L, Vaccaro J, Sciarrotta JA, Lepetic A, Moreno C, Ellis A
Arch Argent Pediatr 2013 Jun;111(3):218-23. doi: 10.1590/S0325-00752013000300008. PMID: 23732348
Choi UY, Lee SY, Ma SH, Jang YT, Kim JY, Kim HM, Kim JH, Kim DS, Kim YS, Kang JH
Eur J Pediatr 2013 Jul;172(7):947-52. Epub 2013 Feb 27 doi: 10.1007/s00431-013-1974-y. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23443155

Recent systematic reviews

Ahmed SM, Hall AJ, Robinson AE, Verhoef L, Premkumar P, Parashar UD, Koopmans M, Lopman BA
Lancet Infect Dis 2014 Aug;14(8):725-30. Epub 2014 Jun 26 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70767-4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24981041
Freedman SB, Ali S, Oleszczuk M, Gouin S, Hartling L
Evid Based Child Health 2013 Jul;8(4):1123-37. doi: 10.1002/ebch.1932. PMID: 23877938
Szajewska H, Skórka A, Ruszczyński M, Gieruszczak-Białek D
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2013 Sep;38(5):467-76. Epub 2013 Jul 10 doi: 10.1111/apt.12403. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23841880
Pike BL, Porter CK, Sorrell TJ, Riddle MS
Am J Gastroenterol 2013 Oct;108(10):1558-63; quiz 1564. Epub 2013 May 28 doi: 10.1038/ajg.2013.147. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23711623
Hoa Tran TN, Trainor E, Nakagomi T, Cunliffe NA, Nakagomi O
J Clin Virol 2013 Mar;56(3):185-93. Epub 2012 Dec 5 doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2012.11.011. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23218993

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