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Results: 12

1.

Inositol

A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Myoinositol helps cells make membranes and respond to messages from their environment. It has the same chemical formula as glucose (the chief source of energy for living organisms) but has a different arrangement of atoms. It is found in beans, peas, brown rice, wheat bran and nuts. It is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in every day. Myoinositol is being studied in the prevention of cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5819
Concept ID:
C0021547
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

wortmannin

A potent fungal metabolite isolated from Penicillium wortmannin that selectively inhibits phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and affects the signal transduction pathway. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
37076
Concept ID:
C0078517
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Water

Chemical compound that is liquid at room temperature and is composed two hydrogen atoms connected to an oxygen atom. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
22697
Concept ID:
C0043047
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Phosphate

Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18434
Concept ID:
C0031603
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Phosphorylation

A process in which a phosphate group is added to a molecule, such as a sugar or a protein. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
6.

Acyl-CoA thioester hydrolase, long-chain, 1

MedGen UID:
351308
Concept ID:
C1865144
7.

Growth and reproduction of new similar forms, e.g. cells, buds, or offspring. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137720
Concept ID:
C0334094
8.

Inhibition

MedGen UID:
5809
Concept ID:
C0021469
Molecular Function
9.

MedGen UID:
108834
Concept ID:
C0591833
10.

Sugar

A white crystalline carbohydrate, typically sucrose, used as a sweetener and preservative. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
69157
Concept ID:
C0242209
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Enzyme activation

Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41819
Concept ID:
C0014429
Molecular Function
12.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Pharmacologic Substance

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