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Items: 7

1.

Heart failure

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. It means that your heart is not able to pump blood the way it should. It can affect one or both sides of the heart. The weakening of the heart's pumping ability causes. -Blood and fluid to back up into the lungs. -The buildup of fluid in the feet, ankles and legs - called edema. -Tiredness and shortness of breath. Common causes of heart failure are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. It is more common in people who are 65 years old or older, African Americans, people who are overweight, and people who have had a heart attack. Men have a higher rate of heart failure than women. Your doctor will diagnose heart failure by doing a physical exam and heart tests. Treatment includes treating the underlying cause of your heart failure, medicines, and heart transplantation if other treatments fail. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6749
Concept ID:
C0018801
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Atrial fibrillation

An arrhythmia is a problem with the speed or rhythm of the heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia. The cause is a disorder in the heart's electrical system. . Often, people who have AF may not even feel symptoms. But you may feel . -Palpitations -- an abnormal rapid heartbeat. -Shortness of breath. -Weakness or difficulty exercising. -Chest pain. -Dizziness or fainting. -Fatigue. -Confusion. AF can lead to an increased risk of stroke. In many patients, it can also cause chest pain, heart attack, or heart failure. . Doctors diagnose AF using family and medical history, a physical exam, and a test called an electrocardiogram (EKG), which looks at the electrical waves your heart makes. Treatments include medicines and procedures to restore normal rhythm. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
445
Concept ID:
C0004238
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
3.

Thromboembolism

The formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel that subsequently travels through the blood stream from the site where it formed to another location in the body, generally leading to vascular occlusion at the distant site. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505000
Concept ID:
CN001725
Finding
4.

Congestive heart failure

The presence of an abnormality of cardiac function that is responsible for the failure of the heart to pump blood at a rate that is commensurate with the needs of the tissues or a state in which abnormally elevated filling pressures are required for the heart to do so. Heart failure is frequently related to a defect in myocardial contraction. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504881
Concept ID:
CN001488
Finding
5.

Atrial fibrillation

MedGen UID:
368090
Concept ID:
C1963067
Finding; Pathologic Function
6.

Thromboembolism

The formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel that subsequently travels through the blood stream from the site where it formed to another location in the body, generally leading to vascular occlusion at the distant site. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
21532
Concept ID:
C0040038
Finding; Pathologic Function
7.

Congestive heart failure

Heart failure accompanied by EDEMA, such as swelling of the legs and ankles and congestion in the lungs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9169
Concept ID:
C0018802
Disease or Syndrome
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