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Ethanol

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Pharmacologic Substance
Synonyms: Alcohol, Ethyl; Alcohol, Grain; Ethyl Alcohol; Grain Alcohol
SNOMED CT: Ethyl alcohol (398624005); Ethyl alcohol (419442005); EtOH - Alcohol (419442005); EtOH - Ethanol (419442005); Ethanol (419442005); Ethanol (398624005)
 

Definition

If you are like many Americans, you drink alcohol at least occasionally. For many people, moderate drinking is probably safe. It may even have health benefits, including reducing your risk of certain heart problems. Moderate drinking is one drink a day for women or anyone over 65, and two drinks a day for men under 65. Some people should not drink at all, including alcoholics, children, pregnant women, people on certain medicines and people with some medical conditions. If you have questions about whether it is safe for you to drink, speak with your healthcare provider. Anything more than moderate drinking can be risky. Binge drinking - drinking five or more drinks at one time - can damage your health and increase your risk for accidents, injuries and assault. Years of heavy drinking can lead to liver disease, heart disease, cancer and pancreatitis. It can also cause problems at home, at work and with friends. . NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  [from MedlinePlus]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews
  • CROGEthanol

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Lee DK, Seo JW, Park HS, Kang MK, Jang AL, Lee JH, Hong JC
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2015 Jan;124(1):62-7. Epub 2014 Jul 21 doi: 10.1177/0003489414542845. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25048959
Qin SY, Lu XP, Jiang HX
Medicine (Baltimore) 2014 Sep;93(14):e85. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000085. PMID: 25255024
Kim MJ, Nagy LE, Park PH
Mol Pharmacol 2014 Sep;86(3):284-96. Epub 2014 May 21 doi: 10.1124/mol.114.093039. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24850909
Huang G, Lin M, Xie X, Liu B, Xu Z, Lencioni R, Lu M, Kuang M
Eur Radiol 2014 Jul;24(7):1565-71. Epub 2014 May 1 doi: 10.1007/s00330-014-3151-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24788036
Báez-Escudero JL, Keida T, Dave AS, Okishige K, Valderrábano M
J Am Coll Cardiol 2014 May 13;63(18):1892-901. Epub 2014 Feb 19 doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.01.032. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24561151Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Burgos CF, Castro PA, Mariqueo T, Bunster M, Guzmán L, Aguayo LG
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2015 Jan;352(1):148-55. Epub 2014 Oct 22 doi: 10.1124/jpet.114.217976. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25339760Free PMC Article
Lee DK, Seo JW, Park HS, Kang MK, Jang AL, Lee JH, Hong JC
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2015 Jan;124(1):62-7. Epub 2014 Jul 21 doi: 10.1177/0003489414542845. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25048959
Qin SY, Lu XP, Jiang HX
Medicine (Baltimore) 2014 Sep;93(14):e85. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000085. PMID: 25255024
Kang X, Petyaykina K, Tao R, Xiong X, Dong XC, Liangpunsakul S
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2014 Jul 1;307(1):G58-65. Epub 2014 May 15 doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00373.2013. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24833709Free PMC Article
Huang G, Lin M, Xie X, Liu B, Xu Z, Lencioni R, Lu M, Kuang M
Eur Radiol 2014 Jul;24(7):1565-71. Epub 2014 May 1 doi: 10.1007/s00330-014-3151-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24788036

Therapy

Lee DK, Seo JW, Park HS, Kang MK, Jang AL, Lee JH, Hong JC
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2015 Jan;124(1):62-7. Epub 2014 Jul 21 doi: 10.1177/0003489414542845. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25048959
Qin SY, Lu XP, Jiang HX
Medicine (Baltimore) 2014 Sep;93(14):e85. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000085. PMID: 25255024
Kim JY, Hwang JY, Lee DY, Song EH, Park KJ, Kim GH, Jeong EA, Lee YJ, Go MJ, Kim DJ, Lee SS, Kim BJ, Song J, Roh GS, Gao B, Kim WH
J Biol Chem 2014 Sep 26;289(39):27065-79. Epub 2014 Jul 29 doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.585653. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25074928Free PMC Article
Hoang NH, Murad HY, Ratnayaka SH, Chen C, Khismatullin DB
Ultrasound Med Biol 2014 Aug;40(8):1869-81. Epub 2014 May 3 doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2014.02.026. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24798386
Nepal S, Kim MJ, Lee ES, Kim JA, Choi DY, Sohn DH, Lee SH, Song K, Kim SH, Jeong GS, Jeong TC, Park PH
Food Chem Toxicol 2014 Jun;68:11-22. Epub 2014 Feb 27 doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2014.02.027. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24582693

Prognosis

Burgos CF, Castro PA, Mariqueo T, Bunster M, Guzmán L, Aguayo LG
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2015 Jan;352(1):148-55. Epub 2014 Oct 22 doi: 10.1124/jpet.114.217976. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25339760Free PMC Article
Osna NA, Kharbanda KK, Sun Y, Simpson RL, Poluektova LE, Ganesan M, Wisecarver JL, Mercer DF
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2014 Jul 18;450(1):773-6. Epub 2014 Jun 19 doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.06.048. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24953695
Huang G, Lin M, Xie X, Liu B, Xu Z, Lencioni R, Lu M, Kuang M
Eur Radiol 2014 Jul;24(7):1565-71. Epub 2014 May 1 doi: 10.1007/s00330-014-3151-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24788036
Báez-Escudero JL, Keida T, Dave AS, Okishige K, Valderrábano M
J Am Coll Cardiol 2014 May 13;63(18):1892-901. Epub 2014 Feb 19 doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.01.032. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24561151Free PMC Article
Leeman RF, Ralevski E, Limoncelli D, Pittman B, O'Malley SS, Petrakis IL
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2014 Jul;231(14):2867-76. Epub 2014 Feb 20 doi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3458-9. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24553574Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Burgos CF, Castro PA, Mariqueo T, Bunster M, Guzmán L, Aguayo LG
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2015 Jan;352(1):148-55. Epub 2014 Oct 22 doi: 10.1124/jpet.114.217976. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25339760Free PMC Article
Lee DK, Seo JW, Park HS, Kang MK, Jang AL, Lee JH, Hong JC
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2015 Jan;124(1):62-7. Epub 2014 Jul 21 doi: 10.1177/0003489414542845. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25048959
Setnik B, Sokolowska M, Johnson F, Oldenhof J, Romach M
Hum Psychopharmacol 2014 May;29(3):251-65. Epub 2014 Mar 13 doi: 10.1002/hup.2394. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24911576
Huang G, Lin M, Xie X, Liu B, Xu Z, Lencioni R, Lu M, Kuang M
Eur Radiol 2014 Jul;24(7):1565-71. Epub 2014 May 1 doi: 10.1007/s00330-014-3151-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24788036
Spronk DB, Dumont GJ, Verkes RJ, De Bruijn ER
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2014 Jul;231(14):2877-88. Epub 2014 Apr 26 doi: 10.1007/s00213-014-3456-y. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24770624

Recent systematic reviews

Tan M, Lau J, Guglielmo BJ
Ann Pharmacother 2014 May;48(5):607-15. Epub 2014 Feb 19 doi: 10.1177/1060028014524049. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24554477
Riemsma RP, Bala MM, Wolff R, Kleijnen J
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 May 31;5:CD008717. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD008717.pub2. PMID: 23728679
Zelner I, Matlow JN, Natekar A, Koren G
Drug Metab Rev 2013 Aug;45(3):277-99. Epub 2013 May 29 doi: 10.3109/03602532.2013.795584. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23713893
Shen A, Zhang H, Tang C, Chen Y, Wang Y, Zhang C, Wu Z
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013 May;28(5):793-800. doi: 10.1111/jgh.12162. PMID: 23432154
Rumack B, Heard K, Green J, Albert D, Bucher-Bartelson B, Bodmer M, Sivilotti ML, Dart RC
Pharmacotherapy 2012 Sep;32(9):784-91. Epub 2012 Jul 31 doi: 10.1002/j.1875-9114.2012.01122.x. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22851428Free PMC Article

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