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Results: 1 to 20 of 28

1.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by a germ called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system. . Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include: - A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer . - Weight loss. - Coughing up blood or mucus. - Weakness or fatigue . - Fever and chills. - Night sweats . If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time. People with latent TB can take medicine so that they do not develop active TB. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22513
Concept ID:
C0041296
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Rifampin

MedGen UID:
450027
Concept ID:
CN077552
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Infection

Unknown contamination with disease-producing germs. [from HHCC]

MedGen UID:
43874
Concept ID:
C0021311
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Death

Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3696
Concept ID:
C0011065
5.

Communicable Diseases

A sequence of biological or biochemical events that are the result of contracting an infection. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1057
Concept ID:
C0009450
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Liquid

MedGen UID:
725915
Concept ID:
C1304698
Finding
7.

Immunodeficiency

MedGen UID:
505335
Concept ID:
CN002471
Finding
8.

disease transmission

Transmission of disease from one individual to another. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
66979
Concept ID:
C0242781
Pathologic Function
9.

Pulmonary tuberculosis

MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11947
Concept ID:
C0041327
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Immunodeficiency

Syndromes in which there is a deficiency or defect in the mechanisms of immunity, either cellular or humoral. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7034
Concept ID:
C0021051
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Human immunodeficiency virus infection

An infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5583
Concept ID:
C0019693
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Antimicrobial substance

Any substance or process that kills germs (bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that can cause infection and disease). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
209727
Concept ID:
C1136254
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

MedGen UID:
195947
Concept ID:
C0699924
14.

Drug resistant tuberculosis

MedGen UID:
61616
Concept ID:
C0206525
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Multidrug resistant tuberculosis

Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60163
Concept ID:
C0206526
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent makes people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Antitubercular Agents

Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8146
Concept ID:
C0003448
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Elderly person

A person 65 through 79 years of age. For a person older than 79 years, AGED, 80 AND OVER is available. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7927
Concept ID:
C0001792
Finding
20.

Mycobacteriosis

Mycobacteria are a type of germ. There are many different kinds. The most common one causes tuberculosis. Another one causes leprosy. Still others cause infections that are called atypical mycobacterial infections. They aren't typical because they don't cause tuberculosis. But they can still harm people, especially people with other problems that affect their immunity, such as AIDS. Sometimes you can have these infections with no symptoms at all. At other times, they can cause lung symptoms similar to tuberculosis:: -Cough. -Weight loss. -Coughing up blood or mucus. -Weakness or fatigue. -Fever and chills. -Night sweats. -Lack of appetite and weight loss. Medicines can treat these infections, but often more than one is needed to cure the infection.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6479
Concept ID:
C0026918
Disease or Syndrome

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