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Items: 8

1.

Rickets

Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children. It usually occurs when they do not get enough vitamin D, which helps growing bones absorb the minerals calcium and phosphorous. It can also happen when calcium or phosphorus levels are too low. Your child might not get enough vitamin D if he or she. -Has dark skin. -Spends too little time outside. -Has on sunscreen all the time when out of doors. -Doesn't eat foods containing vitamin D because of lactose intolerance or a strict vegetarian diet. -Is breastfed without receiving vitamin D supplements. -Can't make or use vitamin D because of a medical disorder such as celiac disease. In addition to dietary rickets, children can get an inherited form of the disease. Symptoms include bone pain or tenderness, impaired growth, and deformities of the bones and teeth. Your child's doctor uses lab and imaging tests to make the diagnosis. Treatment is replacing the calcium, phosphorus, or vitamin D that are lacking in the diet. Rickets is rare in the United States.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
48470
Concept ID:
C0035579
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. As many as half of all women and a quarter of men older than 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis. Risk factors include . - Getting older . - Being small and thin . - Having a family history of osteoporosis. - Taking certain medicines. - Being a white or Asian woman. - Having osteopenia, which is low bone density. Osteoporosis is a silent disease. You might not know you have it until you break a bone. A bone mineral density test is the best way to check your bone health. To keep bones strong, eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise and do not smoke. If needed, medicines can also help. . NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14535
Concept ID:
C0029456
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Vitamin D deficiency

Abnormally low level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12114
Concept ID:
C0042870
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Osteoporosis

MedGen UID:
776590
Concept ID:
C2911643
Finding
5.

Vitamin D deficiency

MedGen UID:
506470
Concept ID:
CN117405
Finding
6.

Rickets

MedGen UID:
505342
Concept ID:
CN002493
Finding
7.

Bone mineral density quantitative trait locus 8

MedGen UID:
394842
Concept ID:
C2678504
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
8.

Osteoporosis

Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10498
Concept ID:
C0029458
Disease or Syndrome
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