Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Personality disorder

MedGen UID:
45827
Concept ID:
C0031212
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: Personality Disorder; Personality Disorders
SNOMED CT: Personality disorder (33449004)
 

Definition

Personality disorders are a group of mental illnesses. They involve long-term patterns of thoughts and behaviors that are unhealthy and inflexible. The behaviors cause serious problems with relationships and work. People with personality disorders have trouble dealing with everyday stresses and problems. They often have stormy relationships with other people. The cause of personality disorders is unknown. However, genes and childhood experiences may play a role. The symptoms of each personality disorder are different. They can mild or severe. People with personality disorders may have trouble realizing that they have a problem. To them, their thoughts are normal, and they often blame others for their problems. They may try to get help because of their problems with relationships and work. Treatment usually includes talk therapy and sometimes medicine.  [from MedlinePlus]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Kaess M, Brunner R, Chanen A
Pediatrics 2014 Oct;134(4):782-93. Epub 2014 Sep 22 doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-3677. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25246626
Gunderson JG, Stout RL, Shea MT, Grilo CM, Markowitz JC, Morey LC, Sanislow C, Yen S, Zanarini MC, Keuroghlian AS, McGlashan TH, Skodol AE
J Clin Psychiatry 2014 Aug;75(8):829-34. doi: 10.4088/JCP.13m08972. PMID: 25007118
Ross CA, Ferrell L, Schroeder E
J Trauma Dissociation 2014;15(1):79-90. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2013.834861. PMID: 24377974
Yang M, Mamy J, Zhou L, Liao YH, Wang Q, Seewoobudul V, Xiao SY, Hao W
Addict Behav 2014 Mar;39(3):573-9. Epub 2013 Nov 10 doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.11.003. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24342175
Zimmerman M, Martinez J, Young D, Chelminski I, Morgan TA, Dalrymple K
J Pers Disord 2014 Jun;28(3):358-64. Epub 2013 Nov 20 doi: 10.1521/pedi_2013_27_122. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24256102

Diagnosis

Tyrer P, Reed GM, Crawford MJ
Lancet 2015 Feb 21;385(9969):717-26. Epub 2015 Feb 20 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61995-4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25706217
Kaess M, Brunner R, Chanen A
Pediatrics 2014 Oct;134(4):782-93. Epub 2014 Sep 22 doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-3677. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25246626
Dubovsky AN, Kiefer MM
Med Clin North Am 2014 Sep;98(5):1049-64. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2014.06.005. PMID: 25134872
Ross CA, Ferrell L, Schroeder E
J Trauma Dissociation 2014;15(1):79-90. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2013.834861. PMID: 24377974
Zimmerman M, Martinez J, Young D, Chelminski I, Morgan TA, Dalrymple K
J Pers Disord 2014 Jun;28(3):358-64. Epub 2013 Nov 20 doi: 10.1521/pedi_2013_27_122. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24256102

Therapy

Bateman AW, Gunderson J, Mulder R
Lancet 2015 Feb 21;385(9969):735-43. Epub 2015 Feb 20 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61394-5. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25706219
Dubovsky AN, Kiefer MM
Med Clin North Am 2014 Sep;98(5):1049-64. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2014.06.005. PMID: 25134872
Gunderson JG, Stout RL, Shea MT, Grilo CM, Markowitz JC, Morey LC, Sanislow C, Yen S, Zanarini MC, Keuroghlian AS, McGlashan TH, Skodol AE
J Clin Psychiatry 2014 Aug;75(8):829-34. doi: 10.4088/JCP.13m08972. PMID: 25007118
Stuyt EB
Acupunct Med 2014 Aug;32(4):318-24. Epub 2014 May 13 doi: 10.1136/acupmed-2014-010540. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24824499
Borschmann R, Trevillion K, Henderson RC, Rose D, Szmukler G, Moran P
Psychiatr Serv 2014 Jun 1;65(6):802-7. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300303. PMID: 24585205

Prognosis

Tyrer P, Reed GM, Crawford MJ
Lancet 2015 Feb 21;385(9969):717-26. Epub 2015 Feb 20 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61995-4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25706217
Kaess M, Brunner R, Chanen A
Pediatrics 2014 Oct;134(4):782-93. Epub 2014 Sep 22 doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-3677. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25246626
Gunderson JG, Stout RL, Shea MT, Grilo CM, Markowitz JC, Morey LC, Sanislow C, Yen S, Zanarini MC, Keuroghlian AS, McGlashan TH, Skodol AE
J Clin Psychiatry 2014 Aug;75(8):829-34. doi: 10.4088/JCP.13m08972. PMID: 25007118
Ross CA, Ferrell L, Schroeder E
J Trauma Dissociation 2014;15(1):79-90. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2013.834861. PMID: 24377974
Yang M, Mamy J, Zhou L, Liao YH, Wang Q, Seewoobudul V, Xiao SY, Hao W
Addict Behav 2014 Mar;39(3):573-9. Epub 2013 Nov 10 doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.11.003. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24342175

Clinical prediction guides

Biskin RS, Frankenburg FR, Fitzmaurice GM, Zanarini MC
Personal Ment Health 2014 Aug;8(3):218-27. Epub 2014 Jul 15 doi: 10.1002/pmh.1265. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25044742Free PMC Article
Ross CA, Ferrell L, Schroeder E
J Trauma Dissociation 2014;15(1):79-90. doi: 10.1080/15299732.2013.834861. PMID: 24377974
Yang M, Mamy J, Zhou L, Liao YH, Wang Q, Seewoobudul V, Xiao SY, Hao W
Addict Behav 2014 Mar;39(3):573-9. Epub 2013 Nov 10 doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.11.003. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24342175
Kramer U
Clin Psychol Psychother 2014 May-Jun;21(3):242-51. Epub 2012 Dec 19 doi: 10.1002/cpp.1832. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23281000
Swann AC, Lijffijt M, Lane SD, Steinberg JL, Moeller FG
J Affect Disord 2013 Jun;148(2-3):384-90. Epub 2012 Jul 24 doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.06.027. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22835849Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Omar H, Tejerina-Arreal M, Crawford MJ
Personal Ment Health 2014 Aug;8(3):228-37. Epub 2014 Jul 2 doi: 10.1002/pmh.1264. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24990645
Kienast T, Stoffers J, Bermpohl F, Lieb K
Dtsch Arztebl Int 2014 Apr 18;111(16):280-6. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2014.0280. PMID: 24791755Free PMC Article
Beckwith H, Moran PF, Reilly J
Personal Ment Health 2014 May;8(2):91-101. Epub 2014 Jan 15 doi: 10.1002/pmh.1252. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24431304
Helleman M, Goossens PJ, Kaasenbrood A, van Achterberg T
Perspect Psychiatr Care 2014 Jan;50(1):65-75. Epub 2013 May 21 doi: 10.1111/ppc.12023. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24387616
Sachdeva S, Goldman G, Mustata G, Deranja E, Gregory RJ
J Am Psychoanal Assoc 2013 Jun;61(3):578-84. doi: 10.1177/0003065113490637. PMID: 23720029

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Medical Encyclopedia

    Outreach and support

    PubMed Health

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...