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Results: 20

1.

Acute

Symptoms or signs that begin and worsen quickly; not chronic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
2.

Tissue Degeneration

MedGen UID:
3705
Concept ID:
C0011164
Pathologic Function
3.

Link brand of magnesium carbonate and aluminum hydroxide

brand of magnesium carbonate and aluminum hydroxide [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
60403
Concept ID:
C0208973
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Calcium

You have more calcium in your body than any other mineral. Calcium has many important jobs. The body stores more than 99 percent of its calcium in the bones and teeth to help make and keep them strong. The rest is throughout the body in blood, muscle and the fluid between cells. Your body needs calcium to help muscles and blood vessels contract and expand, to secrete hormones and enzymes and to send messages through the nervous system. . It is important to get plenty of calcium in the foods you eat. Foods rich in calcium include dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt, and leafy, green vegetables. The exact amount of calcium you need depends on your age and other factors. Growing children and teenagers need more calcium than young adults. Older women need plenty of calcium to prevent osteoporosis. People who do not eat enough high-calcium foods should take a calcium supplement. NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
710
Concept ID:
C0006675
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Calcium channel

Catalysis of facilitated diffusion of a calcium ion (by an energy-independent process) involving passage through a transmembrane aqueous pore or channel without evidence for a carrier-mediated mechanism. [GOC:mtg_transport, GOC:pr, ISBN:0815340729] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
685837
Concept ID:
C1153433
Molecular Function
6.

Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis

Group of systemic vasculitis with a strong association with ANCA. The disorders are characterized by necrotizing inflammation of small and medium size vessels, with little or no immune-complex deposits in vessel walls. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
403453
Concept ID:
C2717865
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Severe

A term used to describe cells that look abnormal under a microscope. These cells are more likely to grow and spread quickly than cells in low-grade cancer or in growths that may become cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
8.

Lesion

An area of abnormal tissue. A lesion may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
65128
Concept ID:
C0221198
Finding
9.

Retinaldehyde

A carotenoid constituent of visual pigments. It is the oxidized form of retinol which functions as the active component of the visual cycle. It is bound to the protein opsin forming the complex rhodopsin. When stimulated by visible light, the retinal component of the rhodopsin complex undergoes isomerization at the 11-position of the double bond to the cis-form; this is reversed in "dark" reactions to return to the native trans-configuration. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19764
Concept ID:
C0035331
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Ionophore

molecule that allows ions to cross lipid bilayers; there are two classes: carriers and channels; carriers, like valinomycin, form cage like structures around specific ions, diffusing freely through the hydrophobic regions of the bilayer; channels, like gramicidin, form continuous aqueous pores through the bilayer, allowing ions to diffuse through. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
5888
Concept ID:
C0022022
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Inhibition

MedGen UID:
5809
Concept ID:
C0021469
Molecular Function
12.

Second Messenger Systems

Systems in which an intracellular signal is generated in response to an intercellular primary messenger such as a hormone or neurotransmitter. They are intermediate signals in cellular processes such as metabolism, secretion, contraction, phototransduction, and cell growth. Examples of second messenger systems are the adenyl cyclase-cyclic AMP system, the phosphatidylinositol diphosphate-inositol triphosphate system, and the cyclic GMP system. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19914
Concept ID:
C0036522
Molecular Function
13.

Pathologic Processes

The abnormal mechanisms and forms involved in the dysfunctions of tissues and organs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18325
Concept ID:
C0030660
Pathologic Function
14.

Nerve Degeneration

Loss of functional activity and trophic degeneration of nerve axons and their terminal arborizations following the destruction of their cells of origin or interruption of their continuity with these cells. The pathology is characteristic of neurodegenerative diseases. Often the process of nerve degeneration is studied in research on neuroanatomical localization and correlation of the neurophysiology of neural pathways. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
17999
Concept ID:
C0027746
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
15.

Disorder of optic nerve

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder affecting the optic nerve (second cranial nerve). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14497
Concept ID:
C0029132
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Disorder of nervous system

The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood. There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include: - Diseases caused by faulty genes, such as Huntington's disease and muscular dystrophy. - Problems with the way the nervous system develops, such as spina bifida. - Degenerative diseases, where nerve cells are damaged or die, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. - Diseases of the blood vessels that supply the brain, such as stroke. - Injuries to the spinal cord and brain. - Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy . - Cancer, such as brain tumors. - infections, such as meningitis.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14336
Concept ID:
C0027765
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Disorder of eye

Some eye problems are minor and don't last long. But some can lead to a permanent loss of vision. Common eye problems include: -Refractive errors. -Cataracts - clouded lenses. -Glaucoma - a disorder caused by damage to the optic nerve. -Retinal disorders - problems with the nerve layer at the back of the eye. -Macular degeneration - a disease that destroys sharp, central vision. -Diabetic eye problems. -Conjunctivitis - an infection also known as pinkeye. Your best defense is to have regular checkups, because eye diseases do not always have symptoms. Early detection and treatment could prevent vision loss. See an eye care professional right away if you have a sudden change in vision, if everything looks dim, or if you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that need quick attention are pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye, and inflammation. NIH: National Eye Institute .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
5092
Concept ID:
C0015397
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Cranial nerve disorder

Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1160
Concept ID:
C0010266
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Lesion of eye structure

MedGen UID:
662002
Concept ID:
C0578583
Finding
20.

Degenerative disorder of eye

MedGen UID:
509655
Concept ID:
C0154777
Disease or Syndrome

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