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Results: 16

1.

Lipid peroxidation

Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
44170
Concept ID:
C0023775
Molecular Function
2.

DNA damage

Injuries to DNA that introduce deviations from its normal, intact structure and which may, if left unrepaired, result in a MUTATION or a block of DNA REPLICATION. These deviations may be caused by physical or chemical agents and occur by natural or unnatural, introduced circumstances. They include the introduction of illegitimate bases during replication or by deamination or other modification of bases; the loss of a base from the DNA backbone leaving an abasic site; single-strand breaks; double strand breaks; and intrastrand (PYRIMIDINE DIMERS) or interstrand crosslinking. Damage can often be repaired (DNA REPAIR). If the damage is extensive, it can induce APOPTOSIS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3880
Concept ID:
C0012860
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
3.

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

MedGen UID:
832787
Concept ID:
CN199499
Congenital Abnormality
4.

Carotinoid

The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2890
Concept ID:
C0007271
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Oxygen

An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45267
Concept ID:
C0030054
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Related

MedGen UID:
619805
Concept ID:
C0445223
Finding
7.

Disease Response

The pathologic and/or clinical changes that result from treatment. The changes may include eradication of detectable disease, stabilization of disease, or disease progression. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
309976
Concept ID:
C1704632
Finding
8.

Well Differentiated Liposarcoma

An intermediate malignant mesenchymal neoplasm composed entirely or in part of mature adipocytes that vary in cell size and show at least focal nuclear atypia in adipocytes and stromal cells. Recurrent cytogenetic aberrations are specifically associated with this entity: supernumerary ring and giant marker chromosomes with amplification of MDM2 and, often, CDK4. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
237164
Concept ID:
C1370889
Neoplastic Process
9.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against the effects of free radicals. Free radicals are molecules produced when your body breaks down food, or by environmental exposures like tobacco smoke and radiation. Free radicals can damage cells, and may play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases. . Antioxidant substances include : - Beta-carotene . - Lutein . - Lycopene. - Selenium. - Vitamin A. - Vitamin C. - Vitamin E. Antioxidants are found in many foods. These include fruits and vegetables, nuts, grains, and some meats, poultry and fish. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1608
Concept ID:
C0003402
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Plant Preparations

Material prepared from plants. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
183699
Concept ID:
C0949854
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Superoxide dismutase

a name of an enzyme [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
52578
Concept ID:
C0038838
Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Oxidation-reduction

A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18243
Concept ID:
C0030012
Molecular Function
13.

Valine

Amino acid with side chain -CH(CH3)2. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12044
Concept ID:
C0042285
Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Biological Products

Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or agents of organic origin, usually obtained by biological methods or assay. They are used especially in diagnosis and treatment of disease (as vaccines or pollen extracts). Biological products are differentiated from BIOLOGICAL FACTORS in that the latter are compounds with biological or physiological activity made by living organisms. (From Webster's 3d ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
577
Concept ID:
C0005522
Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Essential amino acid

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
252
Concept ID:
C0002525
Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Amino acid

One of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Pharmacologic Substance

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