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Results: 1 to 20 of 23

1.

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. That limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body. Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including: -Coronary artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your heart. When they are blocked, you can suffer angina or a heart attack. -Carotid artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your brain. When they are blocked you can suffer a stroke. -Peripheral arterial disease. These arteries are in your arms, legs and pelvis. When they are blocked, you can suffer from numbness, pain and sometimes infections. Atherosclerosis usually doesn't cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don't know they have it until they have a medical emergency. A physical exam, imaging, and other diagnostic tests can tell if you have it. Medicines can slow the progress of plaque buildup. Your doctor may also recommend procedures such as angioplasty to open the arteries, or surgery on the coronary or carotid arteries. Lifestyle changes can also help. These include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing stress. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
13948
Concept ID:
C0004153
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Fat

The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5132
Concept ID:
C0015677
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
4.

disease

MedGen UID:
798428
Concept ID:
CN204926
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Absence

MedGen UID:
739164
Concept ID:
C1689985
Anatomical Abnormality
6.

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

MedGen UID:
698687
Concept ID:
C1275421
Congenital Abnormality
7.

Atherosclerosis

A condition characterized by patchy atheromas or atherosclerotic plaques which develop in the walls of medium-sized and large arteries and can lead to arterial stenosis with reduced or blocked blood flow. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505298
Concept ID:
CN002382
Finding
8.

Plaque

In medicine, a small, abnormal patch of tissue on a body part or an organ. Plaques may also be a build-up of substances from a fluid, such as cholesterol in the blood vessels. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
452424
Concept ID:
C0332461
Finding
9.

Fish-eye disease

Fish-eye disease, also called partial LCAT deficiency, is a disorder that causes the clear front surface of the eyes (the corneas) to gradually become cloudy. The cloudiness, which generally first appears in adolescence or early adulthood, consists of small grayish dots of cholesterol (opacities) distributed across the corneas. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is produced in the body and obtained from foods that come from animals; it aids in many functions of the body but can become harmful in excessive amounts. As fish-eye disease progresses, the corneal cloudiness worsens and can lead to severely impaired vision. [from GHR]

MedGen UID:
83354
Concept ID:
C0342895
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Dental plaque

film that attaches to teeth, often causing dental caries and gingivitis; composed of mucins, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
8301
Concept ID:
C0011389
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Heart disease

If you're like most people, you think that heart disease is a problem for others. But heart disease is the number one killer in the U.S. It is also a major cause of disability. There are many different forms of heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself. This is called coronary artery disease and happens slowly over time. It's the major reason people have heart attacks. Other kinds of heart problems may happen to the valves in the heart, or the heart may not pump well and cause heart failure. Some people are born with heart disease. You can help reduce your risk of heart disease by taking steps to control factors that put you at greater risk:: - Control your blood pressure. - Lower your cholesterol. - Don't smoke. - Get enough exercise. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
5458
Concept ID:
C0018799
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Lipid Regulating Agents

Substances that alter the metabolism of LIPIDS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
423485
Concept ID:
C2936244
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
14.

vessel (polysaccharide)

MedGen UID:
56099
Concept ID:
C0148346
Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Hypolipidemic Agents

Substances that lower the levels of certain LIPIDS in the BLOOD. They are used to treat HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39224
Concept ID:
C0086440
Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Clinical finding

clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
19974
Concept ID:
C0037088
Sign or Symptom
17.

Increased body weight

A change in overall body weight, relative to the beginning of the collection period. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12145
Concept ID:
C0043094
Finding
18.

Glycerides

glycerol esterified with one or more organic acids, particularly long chain fatty acids. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
9055
Concept ID:
C0017860
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Antimetabolites

An antineoplastic agent with a structural similarity to a natural substance that can replace that substance in a normal biochemical pathway and interfere with the normal metabolic processes of cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8136
Concept ID:
C0003376
Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Epicholesterol

MedGen UID:
4089
Concept ID:
C0014487
Pharmacologic Substance

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