Format

Send to:

Choose Destination

Links from PubMed

Influenza

MedGen UID:
9466
Concept ID:
C0021400
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Flu, Human; Grippe; Human Flu; Human Influenza; Human Influenzas; Influenza in Human; Influenza in Humans; Influenza, Human; Influenzas; Influenzas, Human
SNOMED CT: Influenza (6142004); Flu (6142004); Grippe (6142004)
 
Gene (location): IFITM3 (11p15.5)
OMIM®: 614680

Definition

Flu is a respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the U.S. get the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses. Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are worse than those of the common cold. They may include . -Body or muscle aches. -Chills . -Cough . -Fever . -Headache . -Sore throat . Is it a cold or the flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset stomach. And stomach flu isn't really flu at all, but gastroenteritis. Most people with the flu recover on their own without medical care. People with mild cases of the flu should stay home and avoid contact with others, except to get medical care. If you get the flu, your health care provider may prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms. . The main way to keep from getting the flu is to get a yearly flu vaccine. Good hygiene, including hand washing, can also help. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Taylor G, Abdesselam K, Pelude L, Fernandes R, Mitchell R, McGeer A, Frenette C, Suh KN, Wong A, Katz K, Wilkinson K, Mersereau T, Gravel D; Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP)
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):741-50. Epub 2015 Sep 18 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815002113. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26384310Free PMC Article
Hardelid P, Rait G, Gilbert R, Petersen I
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):772-6. Epub 2015 Sep 14 doi: 10.1017/S095026881500206X. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26364671Free PMC Article
Benedetti E, Daniels RS, Pontoriero A, Russo M, Avaro M, Czech A, Campos A, Periolo N, Gregory V, McCauley JW, Baumeister EG
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):751-67. Epub 2015 Sep 8 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815001806. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26345289Free PMC Article
Amer A, Fischer H, Li X, Asmar B
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2016 Mar;55(3):245-50. Epub 2015 Jul 9 doi: 10.1177/0009922815594357. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26159622
Smith GJ, Donis RO; World Health Organization/World Organisation for Animal Health/Food and Agriculture Organization (WHO/OIE/FAO) H5 Evolution Working Group
Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 Sep;9(5):271-6. doi: 10.1111/irv.12324. PMID: 25966311Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

McClain MT, Henao R, Williams J, Nicholson B, Veldman T, Hudson L, Tsalik EL, Lambkin-Williams R, Gilbert A, Mann A, Ginsburg GS, Woods CW
Clin Exp Immunol 2016 Mar;183(3):441-51. Epub 2015 Dec 16 doi: 10.1111/cei.12736. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26506932Free PMC Article
Sobotzki C, Riffelmann M, Kennerknecht N, Hülsse C, Littmann M, White A, Von Kries R, Wirsing VON König CH
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):840-6. Epub 2015 Sep 18 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815002149. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26380914
Benedetti E, Daniels RS, Pontoriero A, Russo M, Avaro M, Czech A, Campos A, Periolo N, Gregory V, McCauley JW, Baumeister EG
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):751-67. Epub 2015 Sep 8 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815001806. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26345289Free PMC Article
Noh JY, Choi WS, Lee J, Kim HL, Song JY, Cheong HJ, Kim WJ
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2015 Oct;83(2):130-2. Epub 2015 Jun 10 doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.05.016. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26184128
Arriola CS, Anderson EJ, Baumbach J, Bennett N, Bohm S, Hill M, Lindegren ML, Lung K, Meek J, Mermel E, Miller L, Monroe ML, Morin C, Oni O, Reingold A, Schaffner W, Thomas A, Zansky SM, Finelli L, Chaves SS
J Infect Dis 2015 Oct 15;212(8):1200-8. Epub 2015 Mar 27 doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv200. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25821227Free PMC Article

Therapy

Savic M, Dembinski JL, Kim Y, Tunheim G, Cox RJ, Oftung F, Peters B, Mjaaland S
Immunology 2016 Feb;147(2):165-77. Epub 2015 Dec 8 doi: 10.1111/imm.12548. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26489873Free PMC Article
Hardelid P, Rait G, Gilbert R, Petersen I
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):772-6. Epub 2015 Sep 14 doi: 10.1017/S095026881500206X. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26364671Free PMC Article
Wang W, Alvarado-Facundo E, Chen Q, Anderson CM, Scott D, Vassell R, Weiss CD
J Infect Dis 2016 Feb 1;213(3):403-6. Epub 2015 Aug 4 doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv407. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26243315
Macias AE, Precioso AR, Falsey AR; Global Influenza Initiative
Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 Aug;9 Suppl 1:31-7. doi: 10.1111/irv.12320. PMID: 26256293Free PMC Article
Tsang TK, Cowling BJ, Fang VJ, Chan KH, Ip DK, Leung GM, Peiris JS, Cauchemez S
J Infect Dis 2015 Nov 1;212(9):1420-8. Epub 2015 Apr 15 doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv225. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25883385Free PMC Article

Prognosis

Makkoch J, Poomipak W, Saengchoowong S, Khongnomnan K, Praianantathavorn K, Jinato T, Poovorawan Y, Payungporn S
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2016 Feb;241(4):409-20. Epub 2015 Oct 29 doi: 10.1177/1535370215611764. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26518627
Savic M, Dembinski JL, Kim Y, Tunheim G, Cox RJ, Oftung F, Peters B, Mjaaland S
Immunology 2016 Feb;147(2):165-77. Epub 2015 Dec 8 doi: 10.1111/imm.12548. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26489873Free PMC Article
Taylor G, Abdesselam K, Pelude L, Fernandes R, Mitchell R, McGeer A, Frenette C, Suh KN, Wong A, Katz K, Wilkinson K, Mersereau T, Gravel D; Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP)
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):741-50. Epub 2015 Sep 18 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815002113. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26384310Free PMC Article
Fleming DM, Taylor RJ, Haguinet F, Schuck-Paim C, Logie J, Webb DJ, Lustig RL, Matias G
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Feb;144(3):537-47. Epub 2015 Jul 13 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815001119. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26168005Free PMC Article
Amer A, Fischer H, Li X, Asmar B
Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2016 Mar;55(3):245-50. Epub 2015 Jul 9 doi: 10.1177/0009922815594357. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26159622

Clinical prediction guides

Savic M, Dembinski JL, Kim Y, Tunheim G, Cox RJ, Oftung F, Peters B, Mjaaland S
Immunology 2016 Feb;147(2):165-77. Epub 2015 Dec 8 doi: 10.1111/imm.12548. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26489873Free PMC Article
Taylor G, Abdesselam K, Pelude L, Fernandes R, Mitchell R, McGeer A, Frenette C, Suh KN, Wong A, Katz K, Wilkinson K, Mersereau T, Gravel D; Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP)
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):741-50. Epub 2015 Sep 18 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815002113. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26384310Free PMC Article
Caini S, Huang QS, Ciblak MA, Kusznierz G, Owen R, Wangchuk S, Henriques CM, Njouom R, Fasce RA, Yu H, Feng L, Zambon M, Clara AW, Kosasih H, Puzelli S, Kadjo HA, Emukule G, Heraud JM, Ang LW, Venter M, Mironenko A, Brammer L, Mai le TQ, Schellevis F, Plotkin S, Paget J; Global Influenza B Study
Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 Aug;9 Suppl 1:3-12. doi: 10.1111/irv.12319. PMID: 26256290Free PMC Article
Ridenour C, Johnson A, Winne E, Hossain J, Mateu-Petit G, Balish A, Santana W, Kim T, Davis C, Cox NJ, Barr JR, Donis RO, Villanueva J, Williams TL, Chen LM
Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2015 Sep;9(5):263-70. doi: 10.1111/irv.12322. PMID: 25962412Free PMC Article
Laurie KL, Guarnaccia TA, Carolan LA, Yan AW, Aban M, Petrie S, Cao P, Heffernan JM, McVernon J, Mosse J, Kelso A, McCaw JM, Barr IG
J Infect Dis 2015 Dec 1;212(11):1701-10. Epub 2015 May 5 doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv260. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25943206Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Jackson ML, Bellamy A, Wolff M, Hill H, Jackson LA
Epidemiol Infect 2016 Mar;144(4):768-71. Epub 2015 Sep 2 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815002058. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26330204Free PMC Article
Wong JY, Kelly H, Cheung CM, Shiu EY, Wu P, Ni MY, Ip DK, Cowling BJ
Am J Epidemiol 2015 Aug 15;182(4):294-301. Epub 2015 Jul 18 doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv054. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26188191Free PMC Article
Meijer WJ, van Noortwijk AG, Bruinse HW, Wensing AM
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2015 Aug;94(8):797-819. Epub 2015 Jun 13 doi: 10.1111/aogs.12680. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26012384
Xuan Y, Wang LN, Li W, Zi HR, Guo Y, Yan WJ, Chen XB, Wei PM
Epidemiol Infect 2015 Oct;143(14):2975-84. Epub 2015 Mar 17 doi: 10.1017/S0950268815000278. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25778715
Khan SU, Anderson BD, Heil GL, Liang S, Gray GC
J Infect Dis 2015 Aug 15;212(4):562-9. Epub 2015 Feb 23 doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv109. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25712969Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Table of contents

    Clinical resources

    Consumer resources

    Medical Encyclopedia

    Diseases & Conditions:

    Recent activity

    Your browsing activity is empty.

    Activity recording is turned off.

    Turn recording back on

    See more...