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Fanconi renotubular syndrome 1

Fanconi renotubular syndrome is a consequence of decreased solute and water reabsorption in the proximal tubule of the kidney. Patients have polydipsia and polyuria with phosphaturia, glycosuria, and aminoaciduria. They may develop hypophosphatemic rickets or osteomalacia, acidosis, and a tendency toward dehydration. Some will eventually develop renal insufficiency. Common laboratory abnormalities include glucosuria with a normal serum glucose, hyperaminoaciduria, hypophosphatemia, progressive renal insufficiency, renal sodium and potassium wasting, acidosis, uricosuria, and low-molecular-weight proteinuria (summary by Lichter-Konecki et al., 2001). Genetic Heterogeneity of Fanconi Renotubular Syndrome Fanconi renotubular syndrome-1 has been mapped to chromosome 15q15.3. See also FRTS2 (613388), caused by mutation in the SLC34A1 gene (182309) on chromosome 5q35; FRTS3 (615605), caused by mutation in the EHHADH gene (607037) on chromosome 3q27; and FRTS4 (616026), which is associated with maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), caused by mutation in the HNF4A gene (600281) on chromosome 20q13. [from OMIM]

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Fanconi syndrome

A genetic or acquired disorder characterized by impairment of the function of the proximal tubules of the kidney. It results in decreased reabsorption of electrolytes, glucose, amino acids, and other nutrients. [from NCI]

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Disease or Syndrome

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