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Sexual harassment

MedGen UID:
57985
Concept ID:
C0162790
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: Harassment, Sexual; Harassments, Sexual; Harrassment, Sexual; Harrassments, Sexual; Sexual Harassment; Sexual Harassments; Sexual Harrassment; Sexual Harrassments
SNOMED CT: Sexual harassment (56441002)
 

Definition

A form of discrimination in the workplace which violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment takes two forms: quid pro quo, where the employee must submit to sexual advances in exchange for job benefits or be penalized for refusing; or a hostile environment, where the atmosphere of the workplace is offensive and affects the employee's well-being. Offensive sexual conduct may include unwelcome advances, comments, touching, questions about marital status and sex practices, etc. Both men and women may be aggressors or victims. (Slee and Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed, p.404). While civil rights legislation deals with sexual harassment in the workplace, the behavior is not restricted to this; it may take place outside the work environment: in schools and colleges, athletics, and other social milieus and activities. [from MeSH]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Campbell C, Kramer A, Woolman K, Staecker E, Visker J, Cox C
Workplace Health Saf 2013 Oct;61(10):425-8. doi: 10.3928/21650799-20130925-26. PMID: 24088375
Marshall SK, Faaborg-Andersen P, Tilton-Weaver LC, Stattin H
J Adolesc Health 2013 Dec;53(6):717-22. Epub 2013 Jul 26 doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.06.009. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23890776
Leardmann CA, Pietrucha A, Magruder KM, Smith B, Murdoch M, Jacobson IG, Ryan MA, Gackstetter G, Smith TC; Millennium Cohort Study Team
Womens Health Issues 2013 Jul-Aug;23(4):e215-23. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2013.05.002. PMID: 23816151
Charmaraman L, Jones AE, Stein N, Espelage DL
J Sch Health 2013 Jun;83(6):438-44. doi: 10.1111/josh.12048. PMID: 23586889
Petersen JL, Hyde JS
Dev Psychol 2013 Jan;49(1):184-95. Epub 2012 Apr 30 doi: 10.1037/a0028247. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22545844

Diagnosis

O'Brien BS, Sher L
Int J Adolesc Med Health 2013;25(3):269-74. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2013-0061. PMID: 24006322
Mumford EA, Okamoto J, Taylor BG, Stein N
Am J Health Behav 2013 Nov;37(6):769-79. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.6.6. PMID: 24001626
Lawson AK, Wright CV, Fitzgerald LF
Law Hum Behav 2013 Oct;37(5):337-47. Epub 2013 Apr 1 doi: 10.1037/lhb0000024. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23544390
Li MY, Frieze I, Tang CS
Sex Abuse 2010 Jun;22(2):157-71. Epub 2010 Mar 12 doi: 10.1177/1079063210363827. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 20228248
Stockdale MS, Logan TK, Weston R
Law Hum Behav 2009 Oct;33(5):405-18. Epub 2008 Dec 30 doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9162-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 19115099

Therapy

Mellor S, Golay LM
J Psychol 2014 Jan-Feb;148(1):73-91. doi: 10.1080/00223980.2012.748580. PMID: 24617272
Fnais N, al-Nasser M, Zamakhshary M, Abuznadah W, Dhukair SA, Saadeh M, Al-Qarni A, Bokhari B, Alshaeri T, Aboalsamh N, Binahmed A
Ann Saudi Med 2013 Mar-Apr;33(2):134-9. doi: 10.5144/0256-4947.2013.134. PMID: 23563000
Taylor BG, Stein ND, Mumford EA, Woods D
Prev Sci 2013 Feb;14(1):64-76. doi: 10.1007/s11121-012-0293-2. PMID: 23076726
Street AE, Stafford J, Mahan CM, Hendricks A
J Rehabil Res Dev 2008;45(3):409-19. PMID: 18629749
Rademakers JJ, van den Muijsenbergh ME, Slappendel G, Lagro-Janssen AL, Borleffs JC
Med Educ 2008 May;42(5):452-8. Epub 2008 Mar 14 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2007.02935.x. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 18346119

Prognosis

Norman ID, Aikins M, Binka FN
Ghana Med J 2013 Sep;47(3):128-36. PMID: 24391228Free PMC Article
Mumford EA, Okamoto J, Taylor BG, Stein N
Am J Health Behav 2013 Nov;37(6):769-79. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.6.6. PMID: 24001626
Marshall SK, Faaborg-Andersen P, Tilton-Weaver LC, Stattin H
J Adolesc Health 2013 Dec;53(6):717-22. Epub 2013 Jul 26 doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.06.009. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23890776
Leardmann CA, Pietrucha A, Magruder KM, Smith B, Murdoch M, Jacobson IG, Ryan MA, Gackstetter G, Smith TC; Millennium Cohort Study Team
Womens Health Issues 2013 Jul-Aug;23(4):e215-23. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2013.05.002. PMID: 23816151
Lawson AK, Wright CV, Fitzgerald LF
Law Hum Behav 2013 Oct;37(5):337-47. Epub 2013 Apr 1 doi: 10.1037/lhb0000024. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23544390

Clinical prediction guides

Norman ID, Aikins M, Binka FN
Ghana Med J 2013 Sep;47(3):128-36. PMID: 24391228Free PMC Article
Campbell C, Kramer A, Woolman K, Staecker E, Visker J, Cox C
Workplace Health Saf 2013 Oct;61(10):425-8. doi: 10.3928/21650799-20130925-26. PMID: 24088375
Mumford EA, Okamoto J, Taylor BG, Stein N
Am J Health Behav 2013 Nov;37(6):769-79. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.6.6. PMID: 24001626
Marshall SK, Faaborg-Andersen P, Tilton-Weaver LC, Stattin H
J Adolesc Health 2013 Dec;53(6):717-22. Epub 2013 Jul 26 doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.06.009. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23890776
Lawson AK, Wright CV, Fitzgerald LF
Law Hum Behav 2013 Oct;37(5):337-47. Epub 2013 Apr 1 doi: 10.1037/lhb0000024. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23544390

Recent systematic reviews

Hershcovis MS, Barling J
J Appl Psychol 2010 Sep;95(5):874-88. doi: 10.1037/a0020070. PMID: 20718532
Topa Cantisano G, Morales Domínguez JF, Depolo M
Span J Psychol 2008 May;11(1):207-18. PMID: 18630662
Rotundo M, Nguyen DH, Sackett PR
J Appl Psychol 2001 Oct;86(5):914-22. PMID: 11596807
Blumenthal JA
Law Hum Behav 1998 Feb;22(1):33-57. PMID: 9487790
Charney DA, Russell RC
Am J Psychiatry 1994 Jan;151(1):10-7. PMID: 8267106

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