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Results: 9

1.

Vaccines

Preparations containing substances with antigenic properties administered to activate the immune system, thereby inducing an immune response. Vaccines range from inactivated or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria and viruses), enhanced autologous tumor cells, tumor antigens or epitopes that are used to elicit host immune responses. Vaccines are used for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious diseases and cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
52963
Concept ID:
C0042210
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent makes people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Guillain-Barre syndrome, familial

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy characterized most commonly by symmetric limb weakness and loss of tendon reflexes. It is a putative autoimmune disorder presenting after an infectious illness, most commonly Campylobacter jejuni, a gram-negative bacterium that causes acute enteritis (Yuki and Tsujino, 1995; Koga et al., 2005). Approximately 1 in 1,000 individuals develops GBS after C. jejuni infection (Nachamkin, 2001). Although rare familial cases have been reported, GBS is considered to be a complex multifactorial disorder with both genetic and environmental factors rather than a disorder following simple mendelian inheritance (Geleijns et al., 2004). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
374775
Concept ID:
C1841700
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

An acute, autoimmune inflammatory process affecting the peripheral nervous system and nerve roots. It results in demyelination. It is often caused by an acute viral or bacterial infection. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5399
Concept ID:
C0018378
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Streptococcal infectious disease

Any of the several infectious disorders caused by members of streptococcus, a genus of gram positive bacteria belonging to the family Streptococcaceae. Streptococcal infections are classified into Groups A, B, C, D and G. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20963
Concept ID:
C0038395
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Bacterial vaccine

Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2534
Concept ID:
C0004632
Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Bacterial Infections and Mycoses

Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2161
Concept ID:
C0004615
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Biological Products

Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or agents of organic origin, usually obtained by biological methods or assay. They are used especially in diagnosis and treatment of disease (as vaccines or pollen extracts). Biological products are differentiated from BIOLOGICAL FACTORS in that the latter are compounds with biological or physiological activity made by living organisms. (From Webster's 3d ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
577
Concept ID:
C0005522
Pharmacologic Substance

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