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Items: 9

1.

Obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than what's considered healthy for his or her height. . Obesity occurs over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active. . Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you are obese, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
18127
Concept ID:
C0028754
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Hyperphagia

A neurological anomaly with gross overeating associated with an abnormally strong desire or need to eat. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
9369
Concept ID:
C0020505
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Polyphagia

MedGen UID:
534545
Concept ID:
C0232461
Finding
4.

Hyperactivity

MedGen UID:
504585
Concept ID:
CN000708
Finding
5.

Obesity

MedGen UID:
368429
Concept ID:
C1963185
Finding
6.

Hyperactivity

Excessive movement of muscles of the body as a whole, which may be associated with organic or psychological disorders. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
98406
Concept ID:
C0424295
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Malnutrition

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. If you don't get enough nutrients -- including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals - you may suffer from malnutrition. Causes of malnutrition include:. -Lack of specific nutrients in your diet. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition. -An unbalanced diet. -Certain medical problems, such as malabsorption syndromes and cancers. Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, and weight loss. Or, you may have no symptoms. To diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor may do blood tests and a nutritional assessment. Treatment may include replacing the missing nutrients and treating the underlying cause.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
56429
Concept ID:
C0162429
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Signs and Symptoms, Digestive

Digestive system manifestations of diseases of the gastrointestinal system or of other organs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19975
Concept ID:
C0037089
Sign or Symptom
9.

Proopiomelanocortin deficiency

Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency is characterized by severe, early-onset hyperphagic obesity and congenital adrenal insufficiency, the latter secondary to corticotropin (ACTH) deficiency. In the first months of life most children with POMC deficiency experience exponential weight gain, hyperphagia, cholestasis, and adrenal insufficiency. Weight gain continues rapidly, so that by the end of the first year of life obesity is severe (i.e., weight well above the 98(th) centile for age, without increased height). Red hair and Fitzpatrick type 1 skin (which always burns and never tans) are common, but not invariably present. On occasion central hypothyroidism (resulting from thyroid stimulating hormone [TSH] deficiency), adolescent-onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency, and adolescent-onset hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism resulting from deficiency of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicule stimulating hormone (FSH) can be observed. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
341863
Concept ID:
C1857854
Disease or Syndrome
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