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Results: 1 to 20 of 21

1.

Myeloproliferative disorder

Proliferation (excess production) of hemopoietically active tissue or of tissue which has embryonic hemopoietic potential. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505828
Concept ID:
CN004913
Finding
2.

Myeloproliferative disorder

A clonal (malignant) proliferation of myeloid (erythroid, granulocytic, or megakaryocytic) cells originating from a primitive stem cell. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10147
Concept ID:
C0027022
Neoplastic Process
3.

Point mutation

A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
56498
Concept ID:
C0162735
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
4.

leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. There are different types of leukemia, including: -Acute lymphocytic leukemia. -Acute myeloid leukemia. -Chronic lymphocytic leukemia. -Chronic myeloid leukemia. Leukemia can develop quickly or slowly. Chronic leukemia grows slowly. In acute leukemia, the cells are very abnormal and their number increases rapidly. Adults can get either type; childen with leukemia most often have an acute type.Some leukemias can often be cured. Other types are hard to cure, but you can often control them. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation and stem cell transplantation. Even if symptoms disappear, you might need therapy to prevent a relapse. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9725
Concept ID:
C0023418
Neoplastic Process
5.

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

A myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased proliferation of the granulocytic cell line without the loss of their capacity to differentiate. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505815
Concept ID:
CN004875
Finding
6.

Acute leukemia

MedGen UID:
505251
Concept ID:
CN002259
Finding
7.

Leukemia

A cancer of the blood and bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of leukocytes. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505002
Concept ID:
CN001727
Finding
8.

Extramedullary hematopoiesis

Hematopoiesis that occurs outside of the bone marrow. It occurs during fetal development or it may result from pathologic processes that affect the bone marrow. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
392862
Concept ID:
C2613439
Disease or Syndrome
9.

metaplastic cell transformation

The conversion of a cell from a normal phenotype, which undergoes a limited number of mitotic divisions, into an aberrant phenotype that is immortal and divides indefinitely. Transformed cells no longer retain cell-cycle checkpoints and may ultimately become malignant cancer cells via additional genetic mutations, or damaging environmental events. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
266929
Concept ID:
C1510411
Pathologic Function
10.

Extramedullary hematopoiesis

MedGen UID:
220947
Concept ID:
C1292120
Finding
11.

Pathogenesis

specific processes that generate the ability of an organism to cause disease [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
195936
Concept ID:
C0699748
Pathologic Function
12.

Context

The universe of discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
105274
Concept ID:
C0449255
Finding
13.

Chronic

A disease or condition that persists or progresses over a long period of time. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104657
Concept ID:
C0205191
14.

Acute

Symptoms or signs that begin and worsen quickly; not chronic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
15.

Acute leukemia

A clonal (malignant) hematopoietic disorder affecting the bone marrow and the peripheral blood. The malignant cells show minimal differentiation and are called blasts, either myeloid blasts (myeloblasts) or lymphoid blasts (lymphoblasts). According to the type of blasts present, acute leukemias are classified as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and precursor lymphoblastic or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
43225
Concept ID:
C0085669
Neoplastic Process
16.

Chronic myeloid leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), there are too many granulocytes, a type of white blood cell. Most people with CML have a gene mutation (change) called the Philadelphia chromosome. Sometimes CML does not cause any symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include:: -Fatigue. -Weight loss. -Night sweats. -Fever. -Pain or a feeling of fullness below the ribs on the left side. Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow diagnose CML. Treatments include chemotherapy, stem cell transplants, infusion of donated white blood cells following stem cell transplants, surgery to remove the spleen, and biologic and targeted therapies. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
7321
Concept ID:
C0023473
Neoplastic Process
17.

Myeloid leukemia

Form of leukemia characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of the myeloid lineage and their precursors (MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS) in the bone marrow and other sites. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7320
Concept ID:
C0023470
Neoplastic Process
18.

Abetalipoproteinaemia

Abetalipoproteinemia and familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FBHL; 615558) are rare diseases characterized by hypocholesterolemia and malabsorption of lipid-soluble vitamins leading to retinal degeneration, neuropathy, and coagulopathy. Hepatic steatosis is also common. The root cause of both disorders is improper packaging and secretion of apolipoprotein B-containing particles. Obligate heterozygous parents of ABL patients usually have normal lipids consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance, whereas obligate heterozygous parents of FBHL patients typically have half normal levels of apoB-containing lipoproteins consistent with autosomal codominant inheritance (summary by Lee and Hegele, 2014). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1253
Concept ID:
C0000744
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases

Hematologic diseases and diseases of the lymphatic system collectively. Hemic diseases include disorders involving the formed elements (e.g., ERYTHROCYTE AGGREGATION, INTRAVASCULAR) and chemical components (e.g., BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS); lymphatic diseases include disorders relating to lymph, lymph nodes, and lymphocytes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6780
Concept ID:
C0018981
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Hematological Disease

Your blood is living tissue made up of liquid and solids. The liquid part, called plasma, is made of water, salts and protein. Over half of your blood is plasma. The solid part of your blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and prevent your blood from doing its job. They can be acute or chronic. Many blood disorders are inherited. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet. Types of blood disorders include: -Platelet disorders, excessive clotting, and bleeding problems, which affect how your blood clots. -Anemia, which happens when your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. -Cancers of the blood, such as leukemia and myeloma. -Eosinophilic disorders, which are problems with one type of white blood cell.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
5483
Concept ID:
C0018939
Disease or Syndrome

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