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Items: 15

1.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a cancer of a part of the immune system called the lymph system. There are many types of lymphoma. One type is Hodgkin disease. The rest are called non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas begin when a type of white blood cell, called a T cell or B cell, becomes abnormal. The cell divides again and again, making more and more abnormal cells. These abnormal cells can spread to almost any other part of the body. Most of the time, doctors don't know why a person gets non-Hodgkin lymphoma. You are at increased risk if you have a weakened immune system or have certain types of infections. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can cause many symptoms, such as . -Swollen, painless lymph nodes in the neck, armpits or groin. -Unexplained weight loss . -Fever . -Soaking night sweats . -Coughing, trouble breathing or chest pain . -Weakness and tiredness that don't go away . -Pain, swelling or a feeling of fullness in the abdomen . Your doctor will diagnose lymphoma with a physical exam, blood tests, a chest x-ray, and a biopsy. Treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, biological therapy, or therapy to remove proteins from the blood. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer. If you don't have symptoms, you may not need treatment right away. This is called watchful waiting. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
44223
Concept ID:
C0024299
Neoplastic Process
2.

Lymphoma

A cancer originating in lymphocytes and presenting as a solid tumor of lymhpoid cells. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505322
Concept ID:
CN002422
Finding
3.

Follicular lymphoma

A neoplasm of lymphoid cells which has at least a partial follicular pattern. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7417
Concept ID:
C0024301
Neoplastic Process
4.

Thyroiditis

Inflammation of the thyroid gland. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
21548
Concept ID:
C0040147
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Thyroiditis

Inflammation of the thyroid gland. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506505
Concept ID:
CN117538
Finding
6.

Hashimoto thyroiditis

A chronic, autoimmune type of thyroiditis associated with hypothyroidism. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
427844
Concept ID:
CN000818
Finding
7.

Gastric lymphoma

The concept of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas was introduced by Isaacson and Wright (1983). MALT lymphomas are now recognized as a distinct subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (605027). B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphomas) are the most common form of lymphoma arising in extranodal sites, in most cases arising in the gastric mucosa (Isaacson and Spencer, 1995). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
340655
Concept ID:
C1850900
Disease or Syndrome; Neoplastic Process
8.

Hashimoto thyroiditis

Hashimoto thyroiditis is a condition that affects the function of the thyroid, which is a butterfly-shaped gland in the lower neck. The thyroid makes hormones that help regulate a wide variety of critical body functions. For example, thyroid hormones influence growth and development, body temperature, heart rate, menstrual cycles, and weight. Hashimoto thyroiditis is a form of chronic inflammation that can damage the thyroid, reducing its ability to produce hormones.One of the first signs of Hashimoto thyroiditis is an enlargement of the thyroid called a goiter. Depending on its size, the enlarged thyroid can cause the neck to look swollen and may interfere with breathing and swallowing. As damage to the thyroid continues, the gland can shrink over a period of years and the goiter may eventually disappear.Other signs and symptoms resulting from an underactive thyroid can include excessive tiredness (fatigue), weight gain or difficulty losing weight, hair that is thin and dry, a slow heart rate, joint or muscle pain, and constipation. People with this condition may also have a pale, puffy face and feel cold even when others around them are warm. Affected women can have heavy or irregular menstrual periods and difficulty conceiving a child (impaired fertility). Difficulty concentrating and depression can also be signs of a shortage of thyroid hormones.Hashimoto thyroiditis usually appears in mid-adulthood, although it can occur earlier or later in life. Its signs and symptoms tend to develop gradually over months or years.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
151769
Concept ID:
C0677607
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Lymphadenopathy

Enlargment (swelling) of a lymph node. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
96929
Concept ID:
C0497156
Finding
10.

Abnormality of the thyroid gland

Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones. Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in your body. These include how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these activities are your body's metabolism. Thyroid problems include. -Goiter - enlargement of the thyroid gland. -Hyperthyroidism - when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs. -Hypothyroidism - when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones. -Thyroid cancer. -Thyroid nodules - lumps in the thyroid gland. -Thyroiditis - swelling of the thyroid. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
52747
Concept ID:
C0040128
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Neoplasm of the thyroid gland

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the thyroid gland. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
21546
Concept ID:
C0040136
Neoplastic Process
12.

Lymphatic Diseases

The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs. It is made up of. -Lymph - a fluid that contains white blood cells that defend against germs. -Lymph vessels - vessels that carry lymph throughout your body. They are different from blood vessels. -Lymph nodes - glands found throughout the lymph vessels. Along with your spleen, these nodes are where white blood cells fight infection. Your bone marrow and thymus produce the cells in lymph. They are part of the system, too. The lymphatic system clears away infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. If it's not working properly, fluid builds in your tissues and causes swelling, called lymphedema. Other lymphatic system problems can include infections, blockage, and cancer.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9829
Concept ID:
C0024228
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Malignant lymphoma, non-Hodgkin

A typer of lymphoma characterized microscopically by the absence of multinucleated Reed-Sternberg cells. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
6160
Concept ID:
C0024305
Neoplastic Process
14.

Disorder of endocrine system

Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include. -Growth and development. -Metabolism - digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature . -Sexual function. -Reproduction. -Mood. If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels. In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4043
Concept ID:
C0014130
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Follicular lymphoma 1

Follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma is an indolent B-cell malignancy with an annual incidence exceeding 10,000 cases in the United States (Bohen et al., 2003). One form of susceptibility to follicular lymphoma (FL1) is associated with a region on chromosome 6p21.33. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
442784
Concept ID:
C2751665
Finding
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