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Marihuana

MedGen UID:
44288
Concept ID:
C0024808
Pharmacologic Substance
Synonyms: Marihuanas; Marijuana; Marijuanas
SNOMED CT: Marijuana (398705004)
 

Definition

Any part of, or extract from, the female hemp plant Cannabis sativa. Marijuana contains cannabinoids, substances with hallucinogenic, psychoactive, and addictive properties. This agent has potential use for treating cancer pain and cachexia. Check for "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=269131&idtype=1" active clinical trials or "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=269131&idtype=1&closed=1" closed clinical trials using this agent. ("http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C26659" NCI Thesaurus) [from PDQ]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews
  • CROGMarihuana

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Lukas SE, Benedikt R, Mendelson JH, Kouri E, Sholar M, Amass L
Neuropsychopharmacology 1992 Aug;7(1):77-81. PMID: 1326277
Mello NK, Mendelson JH
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1985 Oct;235(1):162-71. PMID: 2995644
Mendelson JH
Postgrad Med 1976 Nov;60(5):111-5. PMID: 981073
Mendelson JH, Kuehnle JC, Greenberg I, Mello NK
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1976 Jul;198(1):42-53. PMID: 933012
Greenberg I, Kuehnle J, Mendelson JH, Bernstein JG
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1976 Aug 26;49(1):79-84. PMID: 822452

Diagnosis

Fried PA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2002 Jan;43(1):81-102. PMID: 11848338
Struve FA, Straumanis JJ, Patrick G, Leavitt J, Manno JE, Manno BR
Drug Alcohol Depend 1999 Oct 1;56(3):167-79. PMID: 10529019
Struve FA, Straumanis JJ, Patrick G
Clin Electroencephalogr 1994 Apr;25(2):63-75. PMID: 8194190
Maseda C, Hama K, Fukui Y, Matsubara K, Takahashi S, Akane A
Forensic Sci Int 1986 Dec;32(4):259-66. PMID: 3026938
Borg J, Gershon S, Alpert M
Psychopharmacologia 1975 Jun 19;42(3):211-8. PMID: 1161978

Therapy

Lukas SE, Sholar M, Kouri E, Fukuzako H, Mendelson JH
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1994 Jul;48(3):715-21. PMID: 7938127
Lukas SE, Benedikt R, Mendelson JH, Kouri E, Sholar M, Amass L
Neuropsychopharmacology 1992 Aug;7(1):77-81. PMID: 1326277
Perez-Reyes M, Hicks RE, Bumberry J, Jeffcoat AR, Cook CE
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1988 Apr;12(2):268-76. PMID: 2837105
Tashkin DP, Levisman JA, Abbasi AS, Shapiro BJ, Ellis NM
Chest 1977 Jul;72(1):20-6. PMID: 326498
Lewis MF, Ferraro P, Mertens HW, Steen JA
Aviat Space Environ Med 1976 Feb;47(2):121-3. PMID: 814888

Prognosis

Lynch ME, Young J, Clark AJ
J Pain Symptom Manage 2006 Nov;32(5):497-501. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2006.05.016. PMID: 17085276
Fried PA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2002 Jan;43(1):81-102. PMID: 11848338
Struve FA, Straumanis JJ, Patrick G
Clin Electroencephalogr 1994 Apr;25(2):63-75. PMID: 8194190
Silva MT, Magalhães MP, Barros RS, Almeida SP, Azevedo RB, Oliveira RC
Drug Alcohol Depend 1989 Apr;23(2):159-64. PMID: 2702926
Carlini EA, Karniol IG, Renault PF, Schuster CR
Br J Pharmacol 1974 Feb;50(2):299-309. PMID: 4609532Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Fried PA
Arch Toxicol Suppl 1995;17:233-60. PMID: 7786162
Gabany SG, Plummer P
J Drug Educ 1990;20(3):235-45. PMID: 2250211
Mendelson JH
Postgrad Med 1976 Nov;60(5):111-5. PMID: 981073
Babor TF, Mendelson JH, Kuehnle J
Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1976 Oct 20;50(1):11-9. PMID: 827757
Lewis MF, Ferraro P, Mertens HW, Steen JA
Aviat Space Environ Med 1976 Feb;47(2):121-3. PMID: 814888

Recent systematic reviews

Reece AS
Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2009 Jul;47(6):517-24. doi: 10.1080/15563650903074507. PMID: 19586351
Krishnan S, Cairns R, Howard R
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD007204. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007204.pub2. PMID: 19370677
Huntley A, Ernst E
Thorax 2000 Nov;55(11):925-9. PMID: 11050261Free PMC Article

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