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Cholera

MedGen UID:
40263
Concept ID:
C0008354
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Choleras
Modes of inheritance:
not inherited
MedGen UID:
832438
Concept ID:
CN227390
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
Describes a disorder that is not inherited.
not inherited (Orphanet)
SNOMED CT: Cholera (63650001); Vibrio cholerae infection (63650001)
 
Orphanet: ORPHA173

Definition

Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes diarrhea. The cholera bacterium is usually found in water or food contaminated by feces (poop). Cholera is rare in the US. You may get it if you travel to parts of the world with inadequate water treatment and poor sanitation, and lack of sewage treatment. Outbreaks can also happen after disasters. The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to another. . Often the infection is mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Severe symptoms include profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In severe cases, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours. . Doctors diagnose cholera with a stool sample or rectal swab. Treatment includes replacing fluid and salts and sometimes antibiotics. . Anyone who thinks they may have cholera should seek medical attention immediately. Dehydration can be rapid so fluid replacement is essential. . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews
  • CROGCholera
Follow this link to review classifications for Cholera in Orphanet.

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Grant SL, Tamason CC, Hoque BA, Jensen PK
Trop Med Int Health 2015 Apr;20(4):455-61. Epub 2015 Feb 2 doi: 10.1111/tmi.12455. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25581714
Porta MI, Lenglet A, de Weerdt S, Crestani R, Sinke R, Frawley MJ, Van Herp M, Zachariah R
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014 Dec;108(12):810-5. Epub 2014 Oct 13 doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru153. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25311798
Uddin MJ, Wahed T, Saha NC, Kaukab SS, Khan IA, Khan AI, Saha A, Chowdhury F, Clemens JD, Qadri F
Vaccine 2014 Sep 29;32(43):5690-5. Epub 2014 Aug 20 doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.08.021. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25149429
Nelson CB, Mogasale V, Bari TI, Clemens JD
Vaccine 2014 Dec 12;32(52):7033-6. Epub 2014 May 20 doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.05.028. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24856784
Mengel MA
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014 Jul;108(7):391-2. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru077. PMID: 24836060

Diagnosis

Fredrick T, Ponnaiah M, Murhekar MV, Jayaraman Y, David JK, Vadivoo S, Joshua V
J Health Popul Nutr 2015 Mar;33(1):31-8. PMID: 25995719Free PMC Article
Lucien MA, Schaad N, Steenland MW, Mintz ED, Emmanuel R, Freeman N, Boncy J, Adrien P, Joseph GA, Katz MA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Apr;92(4):758-64. Epub 2015 Mar 2 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0429. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25732682Free PMC Article
Mahmud ZH, Islam S, Zaman RU, Akter M, Talukder KA, Bardhan PK, Khan AI, Rhodes FC, Kamara A, Wurie IM, Alemu W, Jambai A, Faruque SM, Clemens JD, Islam MS
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014 Nov;108(11):715-20. Epub 2014 Sep 18 doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru137. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25233936
Nygren BL, Blackstock AJ, Mintz ED
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014 Nov;91(5):1023-8. Epub 2014 Sep 8 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0331. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25200265Free PMC Article
Colombara DV, Faruque AS, Cowgill KD, Mayer JD
BMC Infect Dis 2014 Aug 15;14:440. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-440. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25127553Free PMC Article

Therapy

Hall RH, Sack DA
Vaccine 2015 Jan 15;33(4):487-92. Epub 2014 Nov 28 doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.11.031. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25437100
Porta MI, Lenglet A, de Weerdt S, Crestani R, Sinke R, Frawley MJ, Van Herp M, Zachariah R
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014 Dec;108(12):810-5. Epub 2014 Oct 13 doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru153. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25311798
Uddin MJ, Wahed T, Saha NC, Kaukab SS, Khan IA, Khan AI, Saha A, Chowdhury F, Clemens JD, Qadri F
Vaccine 2014 Sep 29;32(43):5690-5. Epub 2014 Aug 20 doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.08.021. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25149429
Kabir S
Clin Vaccine Immunol 2014 Sep;21(9):1195-205. Epub 2014 Jul 23 doi: 10.1128/CVI.00378-14. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25056361Free PMC Article
Mengel MA
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014 Jul;108(7):391-2. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru077. PMID: 24836060

Prognosis

Lucien MA, Schaad N, Steenland MW, Mintz ED, Emmanuel R, Freeman N, Boncy J, Adrien P, Joseph GA, Katz MA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Apr;92(4):758-64. Epub 2015 Mar 2 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0429. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25732682Free PMC Article
Nygren BL, Blackstock AJ, Mintz ED
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014 Nov;91(5):1023-8. Epub 2014 Sep 8 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0331. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25200265Free PMC Article
Ramamurthy T, Sharma NC
Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 2014;379:49-85. doi: 10.1007/82_2014_368. PMID: 24831345
Grace PA
Ir J Med Sci 2014 Mar;183(1):133-7. Epub 2013 May 30 doi: 10.1007/s11845-013-0966-2. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23719897
Eisenberg MC, Kujbida G, Tuite AR, Fisman DN, Tien JH
Epidemics 2013 Dec;5(4):197-207. Epub 2013 Oct 21 doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2013.09.004. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24267876

Clinical prediction guides

Lucien MA, Schaad N, Steenland MW, Mintz ED, Emmanuel R, Freeman N, Boncy J, Adrien P, Joseph GA, Katz MA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Apr;92(4):758-64. Epub 2015 Mar 2 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0429. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25732682Free PMC Article
Mahmud ZH, Islam S, Zaman RU, Akter M, Talukder KA, Bardhan PK, Khan AI, Rhodes FC, Kamara A, Wurie IM, Alemu W, Jambai A, Faruque SM, Clemens JD, Islam MS
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2014 Nov;108(11):715-20. Epub 2014 Sep 18 doi: 10.1093/trstmh/tru137. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25233936
Uddin MJ, Wahed T, Saha NC, Kaukab SS, Khan IA, Khan AI, Saha A, Chowdhury F, Clemens JD, Qadri F
Vaccine 2014 Sep 29;32(43):5690-5. Epub 2014 Aug 20 doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.08.021. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25149429
Charles RC, Hilaire IJ, Mayo-Smith LM, Teng JE, Jerome JG, Franke MF, Saha A, Yu Y, Kováč P, Calderwood SB, Ryan ET, LaRocque RC, Almazor CP, Qadri F, Ivers LC, Harris JB
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2014 May;8(5):e2828. Epub 2014 May 1 doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002828. PMID: 24786645Free PMC Article
Uddin T, Aktar A, Xu P, Johnson RA, Rahman MA, Leung DT, Afrin S, Akter A, Alam MM, Rahman A, Chowdhury F, Khan AI, Bhuiyan TR, Bufano MK, Rashu R, Yu Y, Wu-Freeman Y, Harris JB, LaRocque RC, Charles RC, Kováč P, Calderwood SB, Ryan ET, Qadri F
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2014 May;90(5):873-81. Epub 2014 Mar 31 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0498. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24686738Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Kabir S
Clin Vaccine Immunol 2014 Sep;21(9):1195-205. Epub 2014 Jul 23 doi: 10.1128/CVI.00378-14. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25056361Free PMC Article
Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Babu GR, Tang W, Banerjee B, Mahapatra U, Das A
Jpn J Infect Dis 2014;67(3):145-56. PMID: 24858602
Sumner SA, Turner EL, Thielman NM
Prehosp Disaster Med 2013 Dec;28(6):567-72. Epub 2013 Oct 29 doi: 10.1017/S1049023X13008984. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24168784
Rebaudet S, Sudre B, Faucher B, Piarroux R
J Infect Dis 2013 Nov 1;208 Suppl 1:S98-106. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit202. PMID: 24101653
Rebaudet S, Sudre B, Faucher B, Piarroux R
J Infect Dis 2013 Nov 1;208 Suppl 1:S46-54. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit195. PMID: 24101645

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