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1.

Malignant melanoma

Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. Often the first sign of melanoma is a change in the size, shape, color, or feel of a mole. Most melanomas have a black or black-blue area. Melanoma may also appear as a new mole. It may be black, abnormal, or ugly looking.. Thinking of ABCDE can help you remember what to watch for:: - Asymmetry - the shape of one half does not match the other. - Border - the edges are ragged, blurred or irregular. - Color - the color is uneven and may include shades of black, brown and tan. - Diameter - there is a change in size, usually an increase. -Evolving - the mole has changed over the past few weeks or months. Surgery is the first treatment of all stages of melanoma. Other treatments include chemotherapy and radiation, biologic, and targeted therapies. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9944
Concept ID:
C0025202
Neoplastic Process
2.

Cutaneous melanoma

The presence of a melanoma of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506658
Concept ID:
CN167782
Finding
3.

Melanoma

The presence of a melanoma, a malignant cancer originating from pigment producing melanocytes. Melanoma can originate from the skin or the pigmented layers of the eye (the uvea). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505377
Concept ID:
CN002586
Finding
4.

Malignant melanoma of skin

A primary melanoma arising from atypical melanocytes in the skin. Precursor lesions include acquired and congenital melanocytic nevi, and dysplastic nevi. Several histologic variants have been recognized, including superficial spreading melanoma, acral lentiginous melanoma, nodular melanoma, and lentigo maligna melanoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
57486
Concept ID:
C0151779
Neoplastic Process
5.

Female

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces ova. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, or cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI) [from NCI_CDISC]

MedGen UID:
8807
Concept ID:
C0015780
Finding
6.

Right

Being or located on or directed toward the side of the body to the east when facing north. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
64371
Concept ID:
C0205090
7.

Disease Attributes

Clinical characteristics of disease or illness. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
199876
Concept ID:
C0752357
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Cancer, Embryonal

MedGen UID:
199639
Concept ID:
C0751364
Neoplastic Process
9.

Genetic predisposition

A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
137259
Concept ID:
C0314657
10.

Neuroendocrine neoplasm

Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
64652
Concept ID:
C0206754
Neoplastic Process
11.

Nevi and Melanomas

A collective term for the various types of nevi and melanomas. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
61679
Concept ID:
C0206769
Neoplastic Process
12.

Neuroectodermal neoplasm

A tumor of the central or peripheral nervous system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60072
Concept ID:
C0206093
Neoplastic Process
13.

Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases

A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
59786
Concept ID:
C0175166
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Nevus

Moles are growths on the skin. They happen when pigment cells in the skin, called melanocytes, grow in clusters. Moles are very common. Most people have between 10 and 40 moles. A person may develop new moles from time to time, usually until about age 40. In older people, they tend to fade away. Moles are usually pink, tan or brown. They can be flat or raised. They are usually round or oval and no larger than a pencil eraser. About one out of every ten people has at least one unusual (or atypical) mole that looks different from an ordinary mole. They are called dysplastic nevi. They may be more likely than ordinary moles to develop into melanoma, a type of skin cancer. You should have a health care professional check your moles if they look unusual, grow larger, change in color or outline, or in any other way. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45074
Concept ID:
C0027960
Neoplastic Process
15.

Embryonal Neoplasm

new abnormal embryonic tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
45034
Concept ID:
C0027654
Neoplastic Process
16.

Diseases in Twins

Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41612
Concept ID:
C0012675
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Disorder of skin

Did you know that your skin is the largest organ of your body? It is, in terms of both weight, between 6 and 9 pounds, and surface area, about 2 square yards. Your skin separates the inside of your body from the outside world. It: -Protects you from bacteria and viruses that can cause infections. -Helps you sense the outside world, such as whether it is hot or cold, wet or dry. -Regulates your body temperature . Conditions that irritate, clog or inflame your skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning and itching. Allergies, irritants, your genetic makeup and certain diseases and immune system problems can cause dermatitis, hives and other skin conditions. Many skin problems, such as acne, also affect your appearance.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
20777
Concept ID:
C0037274
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Skin Neoplasm

A benign or malignant tumor involving the skin. Representative examples of benign skin neoplasms include the benign melanocytic skin nevus, acanthoma, sebaceous adenoma, sweat gland adenoma, lipoma, hemangioma, fibroma, and benign fibrous histiocytoma. Representative examples of malignant skin neoplasms include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, and Kaposi sarcoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19993
Concept ID:
C0037286
Neoplastic Process
19.

Melanocytic nevus

A neoplasm composed of melanocytes that usually appears as a dark spot on the skin. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14364
Concept ID:
C0027962
Neoplastic Process
20.

Neuroepithelioma

MedGen UID:
14348
Concept ID:
C0027828
Neoplastic Process

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