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Results: 12

1.

Addiction

The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
88373
Concept ID:
C0085281
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Nicotine

Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18039
Concept ID:
C0028040
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Cocaine

Cocaine is a powerful drug that stimulates the brain. People who use it can form a strong addiction. They may have to use more and more of the drug to get high. It's sold on the street as a fine, white powder. There are two forms of cocaine: hydrochloride salt and freebase. The salt dissolves in water. People can take it in a vein or in the nose. The freebase form can be smoked. Crack is the street name of a smokable form of cocaine. . No matter how cocaine is taken, it is dangerous. Some of the most common serious problems include : - Heart problems, including heart attacks . - Respiratory effects, including respiratory failure . - Nervous system problems, including strokes . - Digestive problems . Any of these can be fatal. Using cocaine with alcohol is a common cause of drug-related death. . NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
3135
Concept ID:
C0009170
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Ethanol

A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Chemically-Induced Disorders

Disorders caused by the intentional or unintentional ingestion or exposure to chemical substances such as PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; NOXAE; and PESTICIDES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
772538
Concept ID:
C3658339
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Disease Attributes

Clinical characteristics of disease or illness. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
199876
Concept ID:
C0752357
Disease or Syndrome
8.

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
9.

Substance-Related Disorders

Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, or toxin exposure. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66746
Concept ID:
C0236969
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Mental disorder

Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
11.

Heredity

The transmission of traits encoded in GENES from parent to offspring. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6814
Concept ID:
C0019266
Molecular Function
12.

Seen in primary care center

MedGen UID:
662324
Concept ID:
C0579024
Finding

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