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Results: 5

1.

Oxytocin

Oxytocin (125 aa, ~13kDa) is encoded by the human OXT gene. This protein plays a role in smooth muscle contraction in both the mammary gland and uterus. Oxytocin also is involved in maternal-newborn bonding, cognition and many other psychological and physiological processes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10530
Concept ID:
C0030095
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Argipressin

This protein is processed from a precursor protein consisting of arginine vasopressin and two associated proteins, neurophysin II and a glycopeptide, copeptin. Arginine vasopressin is a posterior pituitary hormone which is synthesized in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. Along with its carrier protein, neurophysin II, it is packaged into neurosecretory vesicles and transported axonally to the nerve endings in the neurohypophysis where it is either stored or secreted into the bloodstream. It has a direct antidiuretic action on the kidney, and also causes vasoconstriction of the peripheral vessels. This hormone can contract smooth muscle during parturition and lactation. It is also involved in cognition, tolerance, adaptation and complex sexual and maternal behaviour, as well as in the regulation of water excretion and cardiovascular functions. (LocusLink) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
2063
Concept ID:
C0003779
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Posterior Pituitary Hormones

Hormones released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). They include a number of peptides which are formed in the NEURONS in the HYPOTHALAMUS, bound to NEUROPHYSINS, and stored in the nerve terminals in the posterior pituitary. Upon stimulation, these peptides are released into the hypophysial portal vessel blood. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45937
Concept ID:
C0032017
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Pituitrin

A substance or extract from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19328
Concept ID:
C0032023
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6887
Concept ID:
C0019934
Pharmacologic Substance

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