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Results: 1 to 20 of 26

1.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. As many as half of all women and a quarter of men older than 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis. Risk factors include : - Getting older . - Being small and thin . - Having a family history of osteoporosis. - Taking certain medicines. - Being a white or Asian woman. - Having osteopenia, which is low bone density. Osteoporosis is a silent disease. You might not know you have it until you break a bone. A bone mineral density test is the best way to check your bone health. To keep bones strong, eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise and do not smoke. If needed, medicines can also help. . NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14535
Concept ID:
C0029456
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Osteoporosis

MedGen UID:
776590
Concept ID:
C2911643
Finding
3.

Bone mineral density quantitative trait locus 8

MedGen UID:
394842
Concept ID:
C2678504
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Osteoporosis

Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10498
Concept ID:
C0029458
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Telomere Shortening

The loss of some TELOMERE sequence during DNA REPLICATION of the first several base pairs of a linear DNA molecule; or from DNA DAMAGE. Cells have various mechanisms to restore length (TELOMERE HOMEOSTASIS.) Telomere shortening is involved in the progression of CELL AGING. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
308250
Concept ID:
C1515263
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
6.

Senility

MedGen UID:
115903
Concept ID:
C0231337
Finding
7.

Elderly person

A person 65 through 79 years of age. For a person older than 79 years, AGED, 80 AND OVER is available. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7927
Concept ID:
C0001792
Finding
8.

Aging

Progressive damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during life is thought to contribute to aging processes. This notion is supported by the observation of an aging-related accumulation in human mtDNA of oxidative and alkylation derivatives of nucleotides, of small deletions and insertions, and of large deletions, although their low frequency raises questions about their functional significance (Michikawa et al., 1999). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1376
Concept ID:
C0001811
9.

Best vitelliform macular dystrophy

Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) is a genetic macular dystrophy characterized by loss of central visual acuity, metamorphopsia and decrease in the Arden ratio secondary to egg yolk-like lesion located in the foveal or parafoveal region. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
799298
Concept ID:
CN199138
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Older Adulthood

The process of growing old and showing the effects of time. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
468998
Concept ID:
C1999167
Finding
11.

Body mass index

Body mass index (BMI), which reflects the amount of fat, lean mass, and body build, is a heterogeneous trait influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Several studies have estimated the heritability of body mass index to be 40 to 55% (Bouchard et al., 1998; Rice et al., 1999). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
449535
Concept ID:
C2240399
Finding
12.

Becker muscular dystrophy

The dystrophinopathies include a spectrum of muscle disease caused by pathogenic variants in DMD, which encodes the protein dystrophin. The mild end of the spectrum includes the phenotypes of asymptomatic increase in serum concentration of creatine phosphokinase (CK) and muscle cramps with myoglobinuria. The severe end of the spectrum includes progressive muscle diseases that are classified as Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy when skeletal muscle is primarily affected and as DMD-associated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) when the heart is primarily affected. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) usually presents in early childhood with delayed milestones, including delays in sitting and standing independently. Proximal weakness causes a waddling gait and difficulty climbing. DMD is rapidly progressive, with affected children being wheelchair dependent by age 13 years. Cardiomyopathy occurs in individuals with DMD after age 18 years. Few survive beyond the third decade, with respiratory complications and cardiomyopathy being common causes of death. Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is characterized by later-onset skeletal muscle weakness; some individuals remain ambulatory into their 20s. Despite the milder skeletal muscle involvement, heart failure from DCM is a common cause of morbidity and the most common cause of death in BMD. Mean age of death is in the mid-40s. DMD-associated DCM is characterized by left ventricular dilation and congestive heart failure. Females heterozygous for a DMD pathogenic variant are at increased risk for DCM. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
182959
Concept ID:
C0917713
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Vitelliform dystrophy

Best vitelliform macular dystrophy is a slowly progressive macular dystrophy with onset generally in childhood and sometimes in later teenage years. Affected individuals initially have normal vision followed by decreased central visual acuity and metamorphopsia. Individuals retain normal peripheral vision and dark adaptation. Age of onset and severity of vision loss show inter- and intrafamilial variability. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
137920
Concept ID:
C0339510
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Mass of body structure

In medicine, a lump in the body. It may be caused by the abnormal growth of cells, a cyst, hormonal changes, or an immune reaction. A mass may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108287
Concept ID:
C0577559
Finding
15.

Examined for

Having been subjected to inspection or evaluation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
83047
Concept ID:
C0332128
Finding
16.

Posttraumatic osteoporosis

MedGen UID:
155858
Concept ID:
C0751406
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Osteopenia

Decreased calcification or density of bone tissue. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
18222
Concept ID:
C0029453
Pathologic Function
18.

Disorder of bone

Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. They are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D and exercise. . There are many kinds of bone problems:: - Low bone density and osteoporosis, which make your bones weak and more likely to break . - Osteogenesis imperfecta makes your bones brittle . - Paget's disease of bone makes them weak . - Bone disease can make bones easy to break . - Bones can also develop cancer and infections. - Other bone diseases are caused by poor nutrition, genetic factors or problems with the rate of bone growth or rebuilding. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14182
Concept ID:
C0005940
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Senile osteoporosis

MedGen UID:
10499
Concept ID:
C0029459
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Disorder of musculoskeletal system

condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any muscles, bones, or cartilages of the body. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
6471
Concept ID:
C0026857
Disease or Syndrome

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