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Results: 17

1.

Aspartylglycosaminuria

Aspartylglucosaminuria is a severe autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder that involves the central nervous system and causes skeletal abnormalities as well as connective tissue lesions. The most characteristic feature is progressive mental retardation. The disorder is caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme glycosylasparaginase, which results in body fluid and tissue accumulation of a series of glycoasparagines, i.e., glycoconjugates with an aspartylglucosamine moiety at the reducing end. AGU belongs to the group of disorders commonly referred to as the Finnish disease heritage (summary by Mononen et al., 1993 and Arvio and Arvio, 2002). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
78649
Concept ID:
C0268225
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Aspartylglucosaminuria

Aspartylglycosaminuria (AGU) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease belonging to the oligosaccharidosis group (also called glycoproteinosis). [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
831074
Concept ID:
CN206507
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Aspartylglucosaminuria

Excretion of excess amounts of aspartylglucosamine in the urine. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506661
Concept ID:
CN167794
Finding
4.

enzyme activity

Catalysis of a biochemical reaction at physiological temperatures. In biologically catalyzed reactions, the reactants are known as substrates, and the catalysts are naturally occurring macromolecular substances known as enzymes. Enzymes possess specific binding sites for substrates, and are usually composed wholly or largely of protein, but RNA that has catalytic activity (ribozyme) is often also regarded as enzymatic. [ISBN:0198506732] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
66218
Concept ID:
C0243102
Molecular Function
5.

Serine

A non-essential amino acid in humans (synthesized by the body), Serine is present and functionally important in many proteins. With an alcohol group, serine is needed for the metabolism of fats, fatty acids, and cell membranes; muscle growth; and a healthy immune system. It also plays a major role in pyrimidine, purine, creatine, and porphyrin biosynthetic pathways. Serine is also found at the active site of the serine protease enzyme class that includes trypsin and chymotrypsin. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11382
Concept ID:
C0036720
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Intellectual functioning disability

A developmental disorder characterized by less than average intelligence and significant limitations in adaptive behavior with onset before the age of 18. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7544
Concept ID:
C0025362
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Amino acid

One of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Intellectual disability

MedGen UID:
334384
Concept ID:
C1843367
Finding
9.

Severe

A term used to describe cells that look abnormal under a microscope. These cells are more likely to grow and spread quickly than cells in low-grade cancer or in growths that may become cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
10.

Baldness, male pattern

Androgenetic alopecia is characterized by a loss of hair from the scalp that follows a defined pattern (Hamilton, 1951). It occurs in women as well as in men. It is caused by a shortening of the anagen (growth) phase and miniaturization of the hair follicle, which results in the formation of progressively thinner, shorter hair (Bergfeld, 1995). In men, the condition is often referred to as male pattern baldness (MPB) and appears to be androgen-dependent (Hamilton, 1942). The condition is hereditary, and follows a pattern that may be consistent with an autosomal dominant trait (Osborn, 1916). Linkage evidence for an autosomal locus on 3q26 (AGA1) has been identified (Hillmer et al., 2008). See 300710 (AGA2) for a discussion of X linkage of androgenetic alopecia. A third locus has been found on chromosome 20p11 (AGA3; 612421). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
56404
Concept ID:
C0162311
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Intellectual disability, severe

IQ 20-34. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
48638
Concept ID:
C0036857
Finding
12.

Metabolic disease

Metabolism is the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. Food is made up of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Chemicals in your digestive system break the food parts down into sugars and acids, your body's fuel. Your body can use this fuel right away, or it can store the energy in your body tissues, such as your liver, muscles, and body fat. A metabolic disorder occurs when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt this process. When this happens, you might have too much of some substances or too little of other ones that you need to stay healthy. . You can develop a metabolic disorder when some organs, such as your liver or pancreas, become diseased or do not function normally. Diabetes is an example. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
44376
Concept ID:
C0025517
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Disorder of lysosomal enzyme

Inborn errors of metabolism characterized by defects in specific lysosomal hydrolases and resulting in intracellular accumulation of unmetabolized substrates. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
43098
Concept ID:
C0085078
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Inborn error of metabolism

Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6323
Concept ID:
C0025521
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors

condition in which there is a deviation or interruption in the processing of carbohydrates in the body, its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
2825
Concept ID:
C0007001
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Disorder of protein N-glycosylation

MedGen UID:
831371
Concept ID:
CN227187
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Aspartylglucosamidase (AGA) deficiency

MedGen UID:
419178
Concept ID:
C2931840
Disease or Syndrome

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