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Hemorrhage

MedGen UID:
5503
Concept ID:
C0019080
Pathologic Function
Synonyms: Bleeding; Hemorrhages
SNOMED CT: Bleeding (131148009); Hemorrhage (50960005); Extravasation of blood (50960005); Blood loss (50960005); Bleeding (50960005)
 

Definition

Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen inside or outside the body. Bleeding can be a reaction to a cut or other wound. It can also result from an injury to internal organs. There are many situations in which you might bleed. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease. Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.  [from MedlinePlus]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews
  • CROGHemorrhage

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Zheng Q, Bai J, Fu S, Li X, Li Y, Zhou Y, Yu J, Gong M, Chen D
Ann Clin Lab Sci 2014 Spring;44(2):194-201. PMID: 24795059
Ferreira CH, Carmona F, Martinez FE
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2014 May-Jun;90(3):316-22. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.12.008. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24606947
Cotté FE, Chaize G, Kachaner I, Gaudin AF, Vainchtock A, Durand-Zaleski I
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Feb;23(2):e73-83. Epub 2013 Oct 8 doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.08.022. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24119623
Banshodani M, Kawanishi H, Moriishi M, Shintaku S, Sato T, Tsuchiya S
Ther Apher Dial 2014 Jun;18(3):284-90. Epub 2013 Sep 30 doi: 10.1111/1744-9987.12106. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24118763
Long MT, Wagner D, Maslach-Hubbard A, Pasko DA, Baldridge P, Annich GM
Perfusion 2014 Mar;29(2):163-70. Epub 2013 Aug 13 doi: 10.1177/0267659113499782. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23942787

Diagnosis

Wang Z, Hu J, Xu L, Malaguit J, Chen S
Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 Jan;94(4):e497. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000497. PMID: 25634201
Johansson PI, Stensballe J, Oliveri R, Wade CE, Ostrowski SR, Holcomb JB
Blood 2014 Nov 13;124(20):3052-8. Epub 2014 Oct 7 doi: 10.1182/blood-2014-05-575340. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25293771
Ferreira CH, Carmona F, Martinez FE
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2014 May-Jun;90(3):316-22. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.12.008. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24606947
Cotté FE, Chaize G, Kachaner I, Gaudin AF, Vainchtock A, Durand-Zaleski I
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Feb;23(2):e73-83. Epub 2013 Oct 8 doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.08.022. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24119623
Patel JJ, Lipchik RJ
J Intensive Care Med 2014 Mar-Apr;29(2):104-9. Epub 2012 Oct 22 doi: 10.1177/0885066612464335. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23753220

Therapy

Johansson PI, Stensballe J, Oliveri R, Wade CE, Ostrowski SR, Holcomb JB
Blood 2014 Nov 13;124(20):3052-8. Epub 2014 Oct 7 doi: 10.1182/blood-2014-05-575340. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25293771
Zheng Q, Bai J, Fu S, Li X, Li Y, Zhou Y, Yu J, Gong M, Chen D
Ann Clin Lab Sci 2014 Spring;44(2):194-201. PMID: 24795059
Ferreira CH, Carmona F, Martinez FE
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2014 May-Jun;90(3):316-22. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.12.008. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24606947
Cotté FE, Chaize G, Kachaner I, Gaudin AF, Vainchtock A, Durand-Zaleski I
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Feb;23(2):e73-83. Epub 2013 Oct 8 doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.08.022. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24119623
Long MT, Wagner D, Maslach-Hubbard A, Pasko DA, Baldridge P, Annich GM
Perfusion 2014 Mar;29(2):163-70. Epub 2013 Aug 13 doi: 10.1177/0267659113499782. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23942787

Prognosis

Ince B, Benbir G, Gozubatik-Celik G
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2014 Aug;12(8):929-31. Epub 2014 Jul 12 doi: 10.1586/14779072.2014.931225. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25017498
Zheng Q, Bai J, Fu S, Li X, Li Y, Zhou Y, Yu J, Gong M, Chen D
Ann Clin Lab Sci 2014 Spring;44(2):194-201. PMID: 24795059
Ferreira CH, Carmona F, Martinez FE
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2014 May-Jun;90(3):316-22. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.12.008. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24606947
Cotté FE, Chaize G, Kachaner I, Gaudin AF, Vainchtock A, Durand-Zaleski I
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Feb;23(2):e73-83. Epub 2013 Oct 8 doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.08.022. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24119623
Lennon CJ, Murry T, Sulica L
Laryngoscope 2014 Jan;124(1):227-32. Epub 2013 Jul 19 doi: 10.1002/lary.24242. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23754508

Clinical prediction guides

Johansson PI, Stensballe J, Oliveri R, Wade CE, Ostrowski SR, Holcomb JB
Blood 2014 Nov 13;124(20):3052-8. Epub 2014 Oct 7 doi: 10.1182/blood-2014-05-575340. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25293771
Zheng Q, Bai J, Fu S, Li X, Li Y, Zhou Y, Yu J, Gong M, Chen D
Ann Clin Lab Sci 2014 Spring;44(2):194-201. PMID: 24795059
Ferreira CH, Carmona F, Martinez FE
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2014 May-Jun;90(3):316-22. Epub 2014 Mar 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jped.2013.12.008. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24606947
Imai T, Michizawa M, Yamamoto N, Oba J, Sawano H
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2014 Jul;118(1):e6-e11. Epub 2013 Dec 21 doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2013.12.404. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24560405
Cotté FE, Chaize G, Kachaner I, Gaudin AF, Vainchtock A, Durand-Zaleski I
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2014 Feb;23(2):e73-83. Epub 2013 Oct 8 doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2013.08.022. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24119623

Recent systematic reviews

Chaudery M, Clark J, Wilson MH, Bew D, Yang GZ, Darzi A
J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2015 Jan;78(1):153-63. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000472. PMID: 25539217
Bulger EM, Snyder D, Schoelles K, Gotschall C, Dawson D, Lang E, Sanddal ND, Butler FK, Fallat M, Taillac P, White L, Salomone JP, Seifarth W, Betzner MJ, Johannigman J, McSwain N Jr
Prehosp Emerg Care 2014 Apr-Jun;18(2):163-73. doi: 10.3109/10903127.2014.896962. PMID: 24641269
Gegel BT, Austin PN, Johnson AD
AANA J 2013 Dec;81(6):453-8. PMID: 24597007
Hu Y, Wang J, Tao H, Wu B, Sun J, Cheng Y, Dong W, Li R
PLoS One 2013;8(9):e74872. Epub 2013 Sep 23 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074872. PMID: 24086388Free PMC Article
Saam T, Hetterich H, Hoffmann V, Yuan C, Dichgans M, Poppert H, Koeppel T, Hoffmann U, Reiser MF, Bamberg F
J Am Coll Cardiol 2013 Sep 17;62(12):1081-91. Epub 2013 Jul 10 doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.06.015. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23850912

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