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Results: 1 to 20 of 27

1.

Neurofibrosarcoma

A form of malignant cancer of the connective tissue surrounding nerves. Given its origin and behavior, it is classified as a sarcoma. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
451960
Concept ID:
CN117588
Finding
2.

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor

A malignant neoplasm, originating from the sheaths of the peripheral nerve. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
155614
Concept ID:
C0751690
Neoplastic Process
3.

Nerve Sheath Neoplasm

Neoplasms which arise from nerve sheaths formed by SCHWANN CELLS in the PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM or by OLIGODENDROCYTES in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, NEUROFIBROMA, and NEURILEMMOMA are relatively common tumors in this category. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
64639
Concept ID:
C0206727
Neoplastic Process
4.

Peripheral Nerve Sheath Neoplasm

MedGen UID:
199711
Concept ID:
C0751689
Neoplastic Process
5.

A 159

MedGen UID:
130356
Concept ID:
C0637163
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Epidermal growth factor

A protein made by many cells in the body and by some types of tumors. It causes cells to grow and differentiate (become more specialized). It is a type of growth factor and a type of cytokine. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66867
Concept ID:
C0242275
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

SHORT STATURE, ONYCHODYSPLASIA, FACIAL DYSMORPHISM, AND HYPOTRICHOSIS SYNDROME

MedGen UID:
762199
Concept ID:
C3542022
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Short stature, onychodysplasia, facial dysmorphism, and hypotrichosis

SOFT syndrome is characterized by severely short long bones, peculiar facies associated with paucity of hair, and nail anomalies. Growth retardation is evident on prenatal ultrasound as early as the second trimester of pregnancy, and affected individuals reach a final stature consistent with a height age of 6 years to 8 years. Relative macrocephaly is present during early childhood but head circumference is markedly low by adulthood. Psychomotor development is normal. Facial dysmorphism includes a long, triangular face with prominent nose and small ears, and affected individuals have an unusual high-pitched voice. Clinodactyly, brachydactyly, and hypoplastic distal phalanges and fingernails are present in association with postpubertal sparse and short hair. Typical skeletal findings include short and thick long bones with mild irregular metaphyseal changes, short femoral necks, and hypoplastic pelvis and sacrum. All long bones of the hand are short, with major delay of carpal ossification and cone-shaped epiphyses. Vertebral body ossification is also delayed (summary by Sarig et al., 2012). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
472512
Concept ID:
CN143712
Disease or Syndrome
9.

metaplastic cell transformation

In medicine, the change that a normal cell undergoes as it becomes malignant. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
266929
Concept ID:
C1510411
Pathologic Function
10.

Neoplasm Metastasis

The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another. A tumor formed by cells that have spread is called a "metastatic tumor" or a "metastasis." The metastatic tumor contains cells that are like those in the original (primary) tumor. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45032
Concept ID:
C0027627
Neoplastic Process
11.

Inhibition

MedGen UID:
5809
Concept ID:
C0021469
Molecular Function
12.

Heterogeneous

Made up of elements or ingredients that are not alike. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
5539
Concept ID:
C0019409
13.

Perineurioma

A rare, benign tumor composed entirely of neoplastic perineurial cells. It may occur intraneurally or in the soft tissues. (Adapted from WHO) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
199712
Concept ID:
C0751691
Neoplastic Process
14.

Neoplasm of the peripheral nervous system

Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45817
Concept ID:
C0031118
Neoplastic Process
15.

Nervous System Neoplasm

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the central or peripheral nervous system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45046
Concept ID:
C0027766
Neoplastic Process
16.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Your peripheral nerves are the ones outside your brain and spinal cord. Like static on a telephone line, peripheral nerve disorders distort or interrupt the messages between the brain and the rest of the body. . There are more than 100 kinds of peripheral nerve disorders. They can affect one nerve or many nerves. Some are the result of other diseases, like diabetic nerve problems. Others, like Guillain-Barre syndrome, happen after a virus infection. Still others are from nerve compression, like carpal tunnel syndrome or thoracic outlet syndrome. In some cases, like complex regional pain syndrome and brachial plexus injuries, the problem begins after an injury. Some people are born with peripheral nerve disorders. Symptoms often start gradually, and then get worse. They include : - Numbness. - Pain. - Burning or tingling. - Muscle weakness. - Sensitivity to touch. Treatment aims to treat any underlying problem, reduce pain and control symptoms. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
18386
Concept ID:
C0031117
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Disorder of nervous system

The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood. There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include: - Diseases caused by faulty genes, such as Huntington's disease and muscular dystrophy. - Problems with the way the nervous system develops, such as spina bifida. - Degenerative diseases, where nerve cells are damaged or die, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. - Diseases of the blood vessels that supply the brain, such as stroke. - Injuries to the spinal cord and brain. - Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy . - Cancer, such as brain tumors. - infections, such as meningitis.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14336
Concept ID:
C0027765
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Nervous tissue neoplasm

Neoplasms composed of nerve tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the nervous system or its component nerves. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14324
Concept ID:
C0027665
Neoplastic Process
19.

Neuromuscular Diseases

Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control your voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are the ones you can control, like in your arms and legs. Your nerve cells, also called neurons, send the messages that control these muscles. When the neurons become unhealthy or die, communication between your nervous system and muscles breaks down. As a result, your muscles weaken and waste away. The weakness can lead to twitching, cramps, aches and pains, and joint and movement problems. Sometimes it also affects heart function and your ability to breathe. Examples of neuromuscular disorders include: -Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. -Multiple sclerosis. -Myasthenia gravis. -Spinal muscular atrophy. Many neuromuscular diseases are genetic, which means they run in families or there is a mutation in your genes. Sometimes, an immune system disorder can cause them. Most of them have no cure. The goal of treatment is to improve symptoms, increase mobility and lengthen life.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10323
Concept ID:
C0027868
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Neoplasms by Histologic Type

A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10295
Concept ID:
C0027652
Neoplastic Process

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