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Results: 1 to 20 of 59

1.

Paraganglioma

A rare, usually benign tumor that develops from cells of the paraganglia. Paraganglia are a collection of cells that came from embryonic nervous tissue, and are found near the adrenal glands and some blood vessels and nerves. Paragangliomas that develop in the adrenal gland are called pheochromocytomas. Those that develop outside of the adrenal glands near blood vessels or nerves are called glomus tumors or chemodectomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10571
Concept ID:
C0030421
Neoplastic Process
2.

Paraganglioma

A carotid body tumor (also called paraganglionoma or chemodectoma) is a tumor found in the upper neck at the branching of the carotid artery. They arise from the chemoreceptor organ (paraganglion) located in the adventitia of the carotid artery bifurcation. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505325
Concept ID:
CN002425
Finding
3.

SUPERNUMERARY DER(22)t(8

Carriers of the balanced constitutional translocation t(8;22)(q24.13;q11.2) are phenotypically normal but are at risk of having progeny with supernumerary der(22)t(8;22) syndrome as a result of malsegregation of the der(22). Although the supernumerary der(22)t(8;22) phenotype is variable between individuals, it tends to include ear and extremity abnormalities in addition to mild mental retardation (summary by Sheridan et al., 2010). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
462316
Concept ID:
C3150966
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Gastrointestinal stroma tumor

MedGen UID:
451979
Concept ID:
CN117614
Finding
5.

Paraganglioma and gastric stromal sarcoma

A rare, inherited disorder marked by tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and tumors that form in embryonic nervous tissue in the head, neck, and torso. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
376098
Concept ID:
C1847319
Neoplastic Process
6.

Stromal Neoplasm

A tumor that arises in the supporting connective tissue of an organ. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
209308
Concept ID:
C0879615
Neoplastic Process
7.

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are mesenchymal tumors found in the gastrointestinal tract that originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal, the pacemaker cells that regulate peristalsis in the digestive tract. Approximately 70% of GISTs develop in the stomach, 20% in the small intestine, and less than 10% in the esophagus, colon, and rectum. GISTs are typically more cellular than other gastrointestinal sarcomas. They occur predominantly in patients who are 40 to 70 years old but in rare cases may occur in younger persons (Miettinen et al., 1999, 1999). GISTs can also be seen in neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1; 162200) due to mutations in the NF1 gene, and are thus distinct from the GISTs described here. Sandberg and Bridge (2002) reviewed the cytogenetics and molecular genetics of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Coffey et al. (2007) reviewed the clinical features, pathogenesis, and molecular treatments of Menetrier disease (137280) and GIST, both of which are hyperproliferative disorders of the stomach caused by dysregulated receptor tyrosine kinases. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
116049
Concept ID:
C0238198
Neoplastic Process
8.

Carney triad

A very rare disorder marked by tumors of the gastrointestinal tract (usually the stomach), tumors that form in embryonic nervous tissue in the head, neck, and torso, and tumors that form in cartilage in the lungs. Sometimes tumors also form in the adrenal glands and esophagus. Carney triad is most common in young females. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
388099
Concept ID:
C1858592
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Sarcoma

Your soft tissues connect, support, or surround other tissues. Examples include your muscles, tendons, fat, and blood vessels. Soft tissue sarcoma is a cancer of these soft tissues. There are many kinds, based on the type of tissue they started in. They may cause a lump or swelling in the soft tissue. Sometimes they spread and can press on nerves and organs, causing problems such as pain or trouble breathing. No one knows exactly what causes these cancers. They are not common, but you have a higher risk if you have been exposed to certain chemicals, have had radiation therapy, or have certain genetic diseases. Doctors diagnose soft tissue sarcomas with a biopsy. Treatments include surgery to remove the tumor, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
224714
Concept ID:
C1261473
Neoplastic Process
10.

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia

An inherited condition that may result in the development of cancers of the endocrine system. There are several types of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome, and patients with each type may develop different types of cancer. The altered genes that cause each type can be detected with a blood test. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45036
Concept ID:
C0027662
Neoplastic Process
11.

Syndrome

A set of symptoms or conditions that occur together and suggest the presence of a certain disease or an increased chance of developing the disease. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Neoplasm

A general term for autonomous tissue growth in which the malignancy status has not been established and for which the transformed cell type has not been specifically identified. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10294
Concept ID:
C0027651
Neoplastic Process
13.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia 2

MedGen UID:
808127
Concept ID:
CN221550
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Does not

MedGen UID:
721427
Concept ID:
C1299585
Finding
15.

Genetic syndrome

MedGen UID:
651269
Concept ID:
C0567439
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Neoplasm of the endocrine system

The presence of a neoplasm (tumour) in the endocrine system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506484
Concept ID:
CN117461
Finding
17.

Sarcoma

The presence of a sarcoma. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506452
Concept ID:
CN117138
Finding
18.

Neurofibromas

The presence of multiple cutaneous neurofibromas. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504707
Concept ID:
CN001002
Finding
19.

Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome

MedGen UID:
419089
Concept ID:
C2931482
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Stromal Sarcoma

A malignant neoplasm characterized by the presence of atypical mesenchymal-stromal cells. Representative examples include endometrial stromal sarcoma and prostate stromal sarcoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
235091
Concept ID:
C1370723
Neoplastic Process

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