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Results: 20

1.

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by dementia that typically begins with subtle and poorly recognized failure of memory and slowly becomes more severe and, eventually, incapacitating. Other common findings include confusion, poor judgment, language disturbance, agitation, withdrawal, and hallucinations. Occasionally, seizures, Parkinsonian features, increased muscle tone, myoclonus, incontinence, and mutism occur. Death usually results from general inanition, malnutrition, and pneumonia. The typical clinical duration of the disease is eight to ten years, with a range from one to 25 years. Approximately 25% of all AD is familial (i.e., =2 persons in a family have AD) of which approximately 95% is late onset (age >60-65 years) and 5% is early onset (age <65 years). [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
1853
Concept ID:
C0002395
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Neurodegenerative Disorders

A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by gradual and progressive loss of neural tissue and neurologic function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
101195
Concept ID:
C0524851
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Death

Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3696
Concept ID:
C0011065
4.

Illness (finding)

MedGen UID:
526241
Concept ID:
C0221423
Finding
5.

Adult onset

MedGen UID:
324542
Concept ID:
C1836537
Finding
6.

Deranged function in an individual or an organ that is due to a disease. (MedicineNet.com) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
124450
Concept ID:
C0277785
7.

Onset

The start, beginning, or early stages. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
87142
Concept ID:
C0332162
8.

Amyloid protein

extracellular glycoprotein that accumulates in certain pathological conditions, e.g., the paired helical filaments of neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease and Down's syndrome; use this term for both the precursor and beta form. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
306111
Concept ID:
C1456454
Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Neurodegenerative disorders involving deposition of abnormal tau protein isoforms (TAU PROTEINS) in neurons and glial cells in the brain. Pathological aggregations of tau proteins are associated with mutation of the tau gene on chromosome 17 in patients with ALZHEIMER DISEASE; DEMENTIA; PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS; progressive supranuclear palsy (SUPRANUCLEAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE); and corticobasal degeneration. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181880
Concept ID:
C0949664
10.

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
11.

Dementia

Loss of intellectual abilities interfering with an individual's social and occupational functions. Causes include Alzheimer's disease, brain injuries, brain tumors, and vascular disorders. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
99229
Concept ID:
C0497327
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Psychoses, Traumatic

MedGen UID:
19557
Concept ID:
C0033943
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
13.

Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders

Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14510
Concept ID:
C0029227
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Disorder of nervous system

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the brain, spinal cord, or peripheral nerves. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14336
Concept ID:
C0027765
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Disorder of brain

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the brain. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14214
Concept ID:
C0006111
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Mental disorder

Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Presenile dementia

loss of intellectual functions such as memory, learning, reasoning, problem solving, and abstract thinking while vegetative functions remain intact. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
8278
Concept ID:
C0011265
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Heredity

The transmission of traits encoded in GENES from parent to offspring. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6814
Concept ID:
C0019266
Molecular Function
19.

Disorder of the central nervous system

Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3306
Concept ID:
C0007682
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Brain Pathology

Acute or chronic brain damage or dysfunction. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2340
Concept ID:
C0006119
Pathologic Function

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