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Results: 9

1.

Cholecystitis without calculus

Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER wall in the absence of GALLSTONES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
82762
Concept ID:
C0267841
Disease or Syndrome
2.

polyps

A growth that protrudes from a mucous membrane. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19397
Concept ID:
C0032584
Anatomical Abnormality
3.

Cholecystitis

In general, gallbladder disease (GBD) is one of the major digestive diseases. GBD prevalence is particularly high in some minority populations in the United States, including Native and Mexican Americans. Gallstones composed of cholesterol (cholelithiasis) are the common manifestations of GBD in western countries, including the United States. Most people with gallstones remain asymptomatic through their lifetimes; however, it is estimated that approximately 10 to 50% of individuals eventually develop symptoms. Significant risk factors associated with GBD are age, female sex, obesity (especially central obesity), lipids, diet, parity, type 2 diabetes (125853), medications, and Mexican American ethnicity. GBD appears to be strongly related to the metabolic syndrome (605552) and/or its major components, such as hyperinsulinism, dyslipidemia, and abdominal adiposity (Boland et al., 2002; Tsai et al., 2004). Infection, specifically by Helicobacter, has been implicated in cholelithiasis and cholecystitis (Silva et al., 2003; Maurer et al., 2005). Low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis is a specific form of gallbladder disease characterized by young-adult onset of chronic cholestasis with intrahepatic sludge and cholesterol cholelithiasis. Affected individuals have recurrence of the disorder after cholecystectomy and show a favorable response to treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) (summary by Pasmant et al., 2012). Mutation in the ABCB4 gene can cause a spectrum of related diseases, including the more severe progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis-3 (PFIC3; 602347), intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy-3 (ICP3; 614972), andoral contraceptive-induced cholestasis (OCIC; see 614972). Genetic Heterogeneity of Gallbladder Disease Two major susceptibility loci for symptomatic gallbladder disease have been identified on chromosome 1p in Mexican Americans (GBD2, 609918; GBD3, 609919). In addition, variations in the ABCG8 gene (605460) on chromosome 2p21 confer susceptibility to gallbladder disease (GBD4; 611465). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
920
Concept ID:
C0008325
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Adenomyomatosis

MedGen UID:
785036
Concept ID:
C3697772
Pathologic Function
5.

Cholesterolosis

Deposition of cholesterol in the skin. It appears as a slightly elevated and yellow bump usually in the skin around the eyes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
473046
Concept ID:
C0333577
Finding
6.

Cholecystitis

MedGen UID:
368404
Concept ID:
C1963083
Finding
7.

Acute cholecystitis without calculus

MedGen UID:
78635
Concept ID:
C0267842
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Adenomyoma

A benign neoplasm of muscle (usually smooth muscle) with glandular elements. It occurs most frequently in the uterus and uterine ligaments. (Stedman, 25th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
64617
Concept ID:
C0206622
Neoplastic Process
9.

Hyperamylasemia

A condition with abnormally elevated level of AMYLASES in the serum. Hyperamylasemia due to PANCREATITIS or other causes may be differentiated by identifying the amylase isoenzymes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
65147
Concept ID:
C0221773
Disease or Syndrome

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