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Results: 16

1.

Tetanus

Tetanus is a serious illness caused by Clostridium bacteria. The bacteria live in soil, saliva, dust, and manure. The bacteria can enter the body through a deep cut, like those you might get from stepping on a nail, or through a burn. The infection causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to locking of the jaw. This makes it impossible to open your mouth or swallow. Tetanus is a medical emergency. You need to get treatment in a hospital. A vaccine can prevent tetanus. It is given as a part of routine childhood immunization. Adults should get a tetanus shot, or booster, every 10 years. If you get a bad cut or burn, see your doctor - you may need a booster. Immediate and proper wound care can prevent tetanus infection.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
21489
Concept ID:
C0039614
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Spastic

of relating to spasm [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
141050
Concept ID:
C0443306
Sign or Symptom
3.

Paralysis

Paralysis is the loss of muscle function in part of your body. It happens when something goes wrong with the way messages pass between your brain and muscles. Paralysis can be complete or partial. It can occur on one or both sides of your body. It can also occur in just one area, or it can be widespread. Paralysis of the lower half of your body, including both legs, is called paraplegia. Paralysis of the arms and legs is quadriplegia. . Most paralysis is due to strokes or injuries such as spinal cord injury or a broken neck. Other causes of paralysis include: -Nerve diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. - Autoimmune diseases such as Guillain-Barre syndrome. - Bell's palsy, which affects muscles in the face. Polio used to be a cause of paralysis, but polio no longer occurs in the U.S.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
105510
Concept ID:
C0522224
Finding
4.

Tetanus toxoid adsorbed

A substance that is derived from the toxin released by the bacterium that causes the disease tetanus. It is used as a vaccine to prevent tetanus or to help boost the immune response to other vaccines. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
81364
Concept ID:
C0305062
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Tetanus Toxoid

MedGen UID:
52680
Concept ID:
C0039619
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Gas gangrene

A severe condition resulting from bacteria invading healthy muscle from adjacent traumatized muscle or soft tissue. The infection originates in a wound contaminated with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. C. perfringens accounts for the majority of cases (over eighty percent), while C. noyvi, C. septicum, and C. histolyticum cause most of the other cases. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8959
Concept ID:
C0017105
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Gangrene

Gangrene is the death of tissues in your body. It happens when a part of your body loses its blood supply. Gangrene can happen on the surface of the body, such as on the skin, or inside the body, in muscles or organs. Causes include:: -Serious injuries. -Problems with blood circulation, such as atherosclerosis and peripheral arterial disease. -Diabetes. Skin symptoms may include a blue or black color, pain, numbness, and sores that produce a foul-smelling discharge. If the gangrene is internal, you may run a fever, feel unwell, and the area may be swollen and painful. Treatment includes surgery, antibiotics, and oxygen therapy. In severe cases an amputation may be necessary.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6546
Concept ID:
C0017086
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Spastic paralysis

paralysis marked by spasticity of the muscles of the paralyzed part and increases tendon reflexes, due to upper motor neuron lesions. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
508350
Concept ID:
C0085621
Pathologic Function
9.

Gangrene

A serious and potentially life-threatening condition that arises when a considerable mass of body tissue dies (necrosis). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506533
Concept ID:
CN117648
Finding
10.

COLLAGENASE

Enzymes that catalyze the degradation of collagen by acting on the peptide bonds. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
102454
Concept ID:
C0162745
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Adhesion

Adhesions are bands of scar-like tissue. Normally, internal tissues and organs have slippery surfaces so they can shift easily as the body moves. Adhesions cause tissues and organs to stick together. They might connect the loops of the intestines to each other, to nearby organs, or to the wall of the abdomen. They can pull sections of the intestines out of place. This may block food from passing through the intestine. Adhesions can occur anywhere in the body. But they often form after surgery on the abdomen. Almost everyone who has surgery on the abdomen gets adhesions. Some adhesions don't cause any problems. But when they partly or completely block the intestines, they cause symptoms such as: -Severe abdominal pain or cramping. -Vomiting. -Bloating. -An inability to pass gas. -Constipation. Adhesions can sometimes cause infertility in women by preventing fertilized eggs from reaching the uterus. No tests are available to detect adhesions. Doctors usually find them during surgery to diagnose other problems. Some adhesions go away by themselves. If they partly block your intestines, a diet low in fiber can allow food to move easily through the affected area. If you have a complete intestinal obstruction, it is life threatening. You should get immediate medical attention and may need surgery. . NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
7891
Concept ID:
C0001511
Pathologic Function
12.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Bacterial Infections

Bacteria are living things that have only one cell. Under a microscope, they look like balls, rods, or spirals. They are so small that a line of 1,000 could fit across a pencil eraser. Most bacteria won't hurt you - less than 1 percent of the different types make people sick. Many are helpful. Some bacteria help to digest food, destroy disease-causing cells, and give the body needed vitamins. Bacteria are also used in making healthy foods like yogurt and cheese. But infectious bacteria can make you ill. They reproduce quickly in your body. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. Antibiotics are the usual treatment. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Each time you take antibiotics, you increase the chances that bacteria in your body will learn to resist them. Later, you could get or spread an infection that those antibiotics cannot cure. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14012
Concept ID:
C0004623
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Bacterial Infections and Mycoses

Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2161
Concept ID:
C0004615
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Clostridial infection

Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1008
Concept ID:
C0009062
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Tetanus toxoid, human

MedGen UID:
551336
Concept ID:
C0305061
Pharmacologic Substance

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