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Results: 1 to 20 of 46

1.

Hypercalcemia

Abnormally high level of calcium in the blood. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5686
Concept ID:
C0020437
Finding
2.

Calcium

You have more calcium in your body than any other mineral. Calcium has many important jobs. The body stores more than 99 percent of its calcium in the bones and teeth to help make and keep them strong. The rest is throughout the body in blood, muscle and the fluid between cells. Your body needs calcium to help muscles and blood vessels contract and expand, to secrete hormones and enzymes and to send messages through the nervous system. . It is important to get plenty of calcium in the foods you eat. Foods rich in calcium include dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt, and leafy, green vegetables. The exact amount of calcium you need depends on your age and other factors. Growing children and teenagers need more calcium than young adults. Older women need plenty of calcium to prevent osteoporosis. People who do not eat enough high-calcium foods should take a calcium supplement. NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
710
Concept ID:
C0006675
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia

Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is a generally asymptomatic genetic disorder of mineral metabolism characterized by lifelong moderate hypercalcemia along with normo- or hypocalciuria and elevated plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798612
Concept ID:
CN205051
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, familial, type 1

MedGen UID:
137973
Concept ID:
C0342637
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium, which your bones need to grow. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis or rickets. Vitamin D also has a role in your nerve, muscle, and immune systems. You can get vitamin D in three ways: through your skin, from your diet, and from supplements. Your body forms Vitamin D naturally after exposure to sunlight. However, too much sun exposure can lead to skin aging and skin cancer. So many people try to get their vitamin D from other sources. Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, saltwater fish, and liver. Some other foods, like milk and cereal, often have added vitamin D. . You can also take vitamin D supplements. Check with your health care provider to see how much you should take. People who might need extra vitamin D include: -Seniors. -Breastfed infants. -People with dark skin. -People with certain conditions, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease. -People who are obese or have had gastric bypass surgery. NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22670
Concept ID:
C0042866
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Syndrome

A set of symptoms or conditions that occur together and suggest the presence of a certain disease or an increased chance of developing the disease. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Parathyroid Hormone

Encoded by human PTH Gene (Parathyroid Hormone Family), secreted (parathyroid cells) 115-aa 13-kDa (precursor) Parathyroid Hormone elevates blood Ca2+ levels by dissolving the salts in bone and preventing renal excretion. PTH defects cause familial isolated hypoparathyroidism. (NCI) Check for "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=489119&idtype=1" active clinical trials or "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=489119&idtype=1&closed=1" closed clinical trials using this agent. ("http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C41027" NCI Thesaurus) [from PDQ]

MedGen UID:
10585
Concept ID:
C0030520
Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Nephrotic syndrome

a kidney disease characterized by a high protein level in urine [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
10308
Concept ID:
C0027726
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Female

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces ova. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, or cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI) [from NCI_CDISC]

MedGen UID:
8807
Concept ID:
C0015780
Finding
10.

Hyperparathyroidism

A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6967
Concept ID:
C0020502
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Acidosis

An abnormal increase in the acidity of the body's fluids [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
1296
Concept ID:
C0001122
Pathologic Function
12.

Cholangiocarcinoma

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a biliary tract cancer (BTC, see this term) originating in the epithelium of the biliary tree, either intra or extra hepatic. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798721
Concept ID:
CN205583
Neoplastic Process
13.

Enlargement

MedGen UID:
751217
Concept ID:
C2711450
Anatomical Abnormality
14.

Resonance

MedGen UID:
534094
Concept ID:
C0231881
Finding
15.

Primary hyperparathyroidism

A type of hyperparathyroidism caused by a primary abnormality of the parathyroid glands (e.g., adenoma, carcinoma, hyperplasia). Primary hyperparathyroidism is associated with hyercalcemia. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506181
Concept ID:
CN007204
Finding
16.

Hypocalciuria

An abnormally decreased calcium concentration in the urine (FMA:12274). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505458
Concept ID:
CN002819
Finding
17.

Hypermagnesemia

An abnormally increased magnesium concentration in the blood. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505405
Concept ID:
CN002639
Finding
18.

Renal tubular acidosis

Acidosis owing to malfunction of the kidney tubules with accumulation of metabolic acids and hyperchloremia, potentially leading to complications including hypokalemia, hypercalcinuria, nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505019
Concept ID:
CN001761
Finding
19.

Acidosis

Abnormal acid accumulation or depletion of base. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505014
Concept ID:
CN001755
Finding
20.

Hyperparathyroidism

Excessive production of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the parathyroid glands. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504623
Concept ID:
CN000789
Finding

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