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Results: 19

1.

Seizure Disorders

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness. Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury, and abnormal brain development. In many cases, the cause is unknown. Doctors use brain scans and other tests to diagnose epilepsy. It is important to start treatment right away. There is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines can control seizures for most people. When medicines are not working well, surgery or implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help. Special diets can help some children with epilepsy. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4506
Concept ID:
C0014544
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Seizures

MedGen UID:
409523
Concept ID:
C1959629
Finding
3.

agonists

Used with chemicals, drugs, and endogenous substances to indicate substances or agents that have affinity for a receptor and intrinsic activity at that receptor. (From Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p.16) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
116746
Concept ID:
C0243192
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Seizure

Seizures are symptoms of a brain problem. They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. When people think of seizures, they often think of convulsions in which a person's body shakes rapidly and uncontrollably. Not all seizures cause convulsions. There are many types of seizures and some have mild symptoms. Seizures fall into two main groups. Focal seizures, also called partial seizures, happen in just one part of the brain. Generalized seizures are a result of abnormal activity on both sides of the brain. . Most seizures last from 30 seconds to 2 minutes and do not cause lasting harm. However, it is a medical emergency if seizures last longer than 5 minutes or if a person has many seizures and does not wake up between them. Seizures can have many causes, including medicines, high fevers, head injuries and certain diseases. People who have recurring seizures due to a brain disorder have epilepsy. . NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
5.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
506929

6.

Neurodegeneration

Progressive loss of neural cells and tissue. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505144
Concept ID:
CN001976
Finding
7.

Progressive neurologic deterioration

MedGen UID:
381506
Concept ID:
C1854838
Finding
8.

Electroencephalographic patterns

Since the initial discovery of the human electroencephalogram (EEG) by Berger (1929), it has been speculated that neural oscillations play a broad role in nervous systems and form the basis for higher cognitive functions and consciousness. The presence of a beta/gamma oscillation (18 to 50 Hz) is thought to represent an activated state of the underlying neuronal network. These beta (12-29 Hz) and gamma (30-50 Hz) brain rhythms involve gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA-A) receptor action (Haenschel et al., 2000; summary by Porjesz et al., 2002). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
342078
Concept ID:
C1851758
Finding
9.

Impairment

Loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomic structure or function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
151925
Concept ID:
C0684336
Pathologic Function
10.

Spondyloenchondrodysplasia

Spondyloenchondrodysplasia is a rare skeletal dysplasia involving vertebral dysplasia and enchondroma-like lesions in the pelvis and long bones. The vertebral bodies show dorsally accentuated platyspondyly with disturbance of ossification. Clinical abnormalities such as short stature, rhizomelic micromelia, increased lumbar lordosis, barrel chest, facial anomalies, and clumsy movements may be present (Menger et al., 1989). Also see spondyloenchondrodysplasia with immune dysregulation (SPENCDI; 607944), which is caused by mutation in the ACP5 gene (174610). It has been suggested by some that the various clinical manifestations observed in association with SPENCD may be pleiotropic manifestations of a single nosologic entity defined by the presence of typical spondylar and metaphyseal changes (see Renella et al., 2006). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
98477
Concept ID:
C0432222
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is characterized by an increased risk for: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (i.e., emphysema, persistent airflow obstruction, and/or chronic bronchitis) in adults; liver disease in children and adults; panniculitis ; and c-ANCA positive vasculitis. Emphysema, sometimes with associated bronchiectasis, is the most common manifestation of AATD. Smoking is the major factor influencing the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The onset of respiratory disease in smokers with AATD is characteristically between ages 40 and 50 years; in non-smokers, the onset can be delayed to the sixth decade, and some non-smokers never develop COPD. Non-smokers may have a normal life span. Although reported, emphysema in children with AATD is extremely rare. AATD-associated liver disease, which is present in only a small portion of affected children, manifests as obstructive jaundice and increased serum aminotransferase levels in the early days and months of life. The incidence of liver disease increases with age. Liver disease in adults (manifesting as cirrhosis and fibrosis) may occur in the absence of a history of neonatal or childhood liver disease. The risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increased in individuals with AATD. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
67461
Concept ID:
C0221757
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Acute

Symptoms or signs that begin and worsen quickly; not chronic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
13.

Stress

Everyone feels stressed from time to time. Not all stress is bad. All animals have a stress response, and it can be life-saving. But chronic stress can cause both physical and mental harm. There are at least three different types of stress:: -Routine stress related to the pressures of work, family, and other daily responsibilities. -Stress brought about by a sudden negative change, such as losing a job, divorce, or illness. -Traumatic stress, which happens when you are in danger of being seriously hurt or killed. Examples include a major accident, war, assault, or a natural disaster. This type of stress can cause post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Different people may feel stress in different ways. Some people experience digestive symptoms. Others may have headaches, sleeplessness, depressed mood, anger, and irritability. People under chronic stress get more frequent and severe viral infections, such as the flu or common cold. Vaccines, such as the flu shot, are less effective for them. Some people cope with stress more effectively than others. It's important to know your limits when it comes to stress, so you can avoid more serious health effects. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
20971
Concept ID:
C0038435
Finding
14.

Auras

Sensations experienced immediately prior to the onset of a seizure, migraine headache, or other nervous system disorder symptoms. Also, the patient's recognition of the beginning of an epileptic attack. Use PARAPSYCHOLOGY or PARAPSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENA to access references on psychic auras and halos. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
65921
Concept ID:
C0236018
Finding
15.

Epilepsy, Cryptogenic

MedGen UID:
39409
Concept ID:
C0086237
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Disorder of brain

The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech, and movement. It regulates the function of many organs. When the brain is healthy, it works quickly and automatically. However, when problems occur, the results can be devastating. . Inflammation in the brain can lead to problems such as vision loss, weakness and paralysis. Loss of brain cells, which happens if you suffer a stroke, can affect your ability to think clearly. Brain tumors can also press on nerves and affect brain function. Some brain diseases are genetic. And we do not know what causes some brain diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. The symptoms of brain diseases vary widely depending on the specific problem. In some cases, damage is permanent. In other cases, treatments such as surgery, medicines, or physical therapy can correct the source of the problem or improve symptoms. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14214
Concept ID:
C0006111
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Disorder of the central nervous system

Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3306
Concept ID:
C0007682
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Seen in epilepsy clinic

MedGen UID:
745120
Concept ID:
C1998113
Finding
19.

Stress-induced epilepsy

MedGen UID:
730605
Concept ID:
C1410262
Disease or Syndrome

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