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Results: 5

1.

Glucose

A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Insulin

A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5827
Concept ID:
C0021641
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
4.

Insulin Signaling Pathway

The appropriate signaling through the insulin pathway is critical for the regulation of glucose levels and the avoidance of diabetes. Insulin forms a complex with the insulin receptor (IR) and b chains to form the active signaling complex. Through recruitment of adaptor molecules and the activation of RAS, the activated IR can cause transcriptional activation. (BioCarta) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
268585
Concept ID:
C1512804
Molecular Function
5.

Signal Transduction Pathways

An elaboration of the known or inferred interactions involved in a signal transduction pathway. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
39530
Concept ID:
C0086982
Molecular Function

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