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Results: 19

1.

Amino acid

One of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Phenylalanine

An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of MELANIN; DOPAMINE; noradrenalin (NOREPINEPHRINE), and THYROXINE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10708
Concept ID:
C0031453
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Leukemia

Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. There are different types of leukemia, including: -Acute lymphocytic leukemia. -Acute myeloid leukemia. -Chronic lymphocytic leukemia. -Chronic myeloid leukemia. Leukemia can develop quickly or slowly. Chronic leukemia grows slowly. In acute leukemia, the cells are very abnormal and their number increases rapidly. Adults can get either type; childen with leukemia most often have an acute type.Some leukemias can often be cured. Other types are hard to cure, but you can often control them. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation and stem cell transplantation. Even if symptoms disappear, you might need therapy to prevent a relapse. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9725
Concept ID:
C0023418
Neoplastic Process
4.

Glioma

A general term for many types of tumors of the central nervous system [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
9030
Concept ID:
C0017638
Neoplastic Process
5.

Leucine

An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7312
Concept ID:
C0023401
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Melphalan

An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer - MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture - MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer - MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6293
Concept ID:
C0025241
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Glutamine

a non essential amino acid [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
5329
Concept ID:
C0017797
Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Carcinoma

type of cancer [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
9.

Glioma

The presence of a glioma, which is a neoplasm of the central nervous system originating from a glial cell (astrocytes or oligodendrocytes). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506305
Concept ID:
CN008593
Finding
10.

Bladder carcinoma

The presence of a carcinoma of the urinary bladder. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505378
Concept ID:
CN002587
Finding
11.

Leukemia

A cancer of the blood and bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of leukocytes. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505002
Concept ID:
CN001727
Finding
12.

Phenylalanine, D

The synthetic dextro isomer of phenylalanine, an essential amino acid with anti-depressant and analgesic activities. D-Phenylalanine is converted into tyrosine and tyrosine in turn is converted into L-dopa, norepinephrine, and epinephrine, three key neurotransmitters. As a result this agent is associated with elevated levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which may alleviate symptoms of depression. In addition, as an inhibitor of enkephalinase, which metabolizes endorphins, D-phenylalanine may be used to treat chronic pain through blocking the break down of endorphins (natural pain killers). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
208553
Concept ID:
C0771172
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Bladder carcinoma

A carcinoma arising from the bladder epithelium. Approximately 90% of the bladder carcinomas are transitional cell carcinomas. The remainder are squamous cell carcinomas, adenocarcinomas and small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
147071
Concept ID:
C0699885
Neoplastic Process
14.

Proliferation

Growth and reproduction of new similar forms, e.g. cells, buds, or offspring. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137720
Concept ID:
C0334094
Pathologic Function
15.

Peptide Biosynthesis

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another. This may include the translation of a precursor protein and its subsequent processing into a functional peptide. [CHEBI:16670, GOC:dph, GOC:jl] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
272130
Concept ID:
C1327133
Molecular Function
16.

Genetic translation

ribosome mediated process by which polypeptide chains are synthesized, the aminoacid sequence being completely determined by the sequence of bases in a messenger RNA, which in turn is determined by the sequences of bases in the DNA of the gene from which it was transcribed. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
108933
Concept ID:
C0597295
Molecular Function
17.

Essential amino acid

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
252
Concept ID:
C0002525
Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Kyorin

MedGen UID:
50184
Concept ID:
C0124791
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Frog fetus

MedGen UID:
540058
Concept ID:
C0266656
Disease or Syndrome

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