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Results: 1 to 20 of 31

1.

Insulin Sensitivity

MedGen UID:
452799
Concept ID:
C0920563
Pathologic Function
2.

Tyrosine

Amino acid with side chain -CH2-C6H4OH. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21746
Concept ID:
C0041485
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Insulin

Insulin (51 aa, ~6 kDa) is encoded by the human INS gene. This protein is involved in the direct regulation of glucose metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5827
Concept ID:
C0021641
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Increased energy

MedGen UID:
628705
Concept ID:
C0455769
Finding
5.

Energy

MedGen UID:
603300
Concept ID:
C0424589
Finding
6.

Glucose

A hexose with an aldehyde group; in which each of the 5 remaining carbons other than the aldehyde group has one hydroxyl group in the R,S,R, and R configuration counting from the first hydroxyl containing carbon next to the aldehyde in the straight chain (Fisher) projection; otherwise all carbons have exclusively hydrogens. Occurs mostly as pyran (6-membered oxygen containing ring or oxane) and rarely as furan (5-membered oxygen containing ring) or straight chain. When glucose forms a ring an additional ""anomeric"" asymmetric carbon is created which is denoted as ""alpha"" or ""beta"". For isomers see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glucose. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Signal Transduction Pathways

Describes a group of molecules in a cell that work together to control one or more cell functions, such as cell division or cell death. After the first molecule in a pathway receives a signal, it activates another molecule. This process is repeated until the last molecule is activated and the cell function involved is carried out. Abnormal activation of signaling pathways can lead to cancer, and drugs are being developed to block these pathways. This may help block cancer cell growth and kill cancer cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
39530
Concept ID:
C0086982
Molecular Function
8.

Obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than what's considered healthy for his or her height. . Obesity occurs over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active. . Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you are obese, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
18127
Concept ID:
C0028754
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
775782

10.

Total energy expenditure

MedGen UID:
607484
Concept ID:
C0429629
Finding
11.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
449670

12.

Obesity

MedGen UID:
368429
Concept ID:
C1963185
Finding
13.

Ability to balance

The maintenance of a stable, upright body position. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
154340
Concept ID:
C0560184
Finding
14.

Mass of body structure

In medicine, a lump in the body. It may be caused by the abnormal growth of cells, a cyst, hormonal changes, or an immune reaction. A mass may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108287
Concept ID:
C0577559
Finding
15.

Posttransfusion purpura

MedGen UID:
98308
Concept ID:
C0398648
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Leanness, inherited

A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11779
Concept ID:
C0039870
Finding
17.

Fat

The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5132
Concept ID:
C0015677
Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Disorder of glucose metabolism

Pathological conditions in which the BLOOD GLUCOSE cannot be maintained within the normal range, such as in HYPOGLYCEMIA and HYPERGLYCEMIA. Etiology of these disorders varies. Plasma glucose concentration is critical to survival for it is the predominant fuel for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226229
Concept ID:
C1257958
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Leptin

a substance produced by fat cells and involved in the regulation of appetite [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
81112
Concept ID:
C0299583
Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45164
Concept ID:
C0028715
Disease or Syndrome

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