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1.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses are hollow air spaces within the bones surrounding the nose. They produce mucus, which drains into the nose. If your nose is swollen, this can block the sinuses and cause pain. There are several types of sinusitis, including. -Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks. -Subacute, which lasts 4 to 12 weeks. -Chronic, which lasts more than 12 weeks and can continue for months or even years. -Recurrent, with several attacks within a year. Acute sinusitis often starts as a cold, which then turns into a bacterial infection. Allergies, nasal problems, and certain diseases can also cause acute and chronic sinusitis. Symptoms of sinusitis can include fever, weakness, fatigue, cough, and congestion. There may also be mucus drainage in the back of the throat, called postnasal drip. Your health care professional diagnoses sinusitis based on your symptoms and an examination of your nose and face. You may also need imaging tests. Treatments include antibiotics, decongestants, and pain relievers. Using heat pads on the inflamed area, saline nasal sprays, and vaporizers can also help. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
20772
Concept ID:
C0037199
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Bronchiolitis

Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14235
Concept ID:
C0006271
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can cause pneumonia. You can also get pneumonia by inhaling a liquid or chemical. People most at risk are older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, or already have health problems. Symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe. See your doctor promptly if you. -Have a high fever. -Have shaking chills. -Have a cough with phlegm that doesn't improve or gets worse. -Develop shortness of breath with normal daily activities. -Have chest pain when you breathe or cough. -Feel suddenly worse after a cold or the flu. Your doctor will use your medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests to diagnose pneumonia. Treatment depends on what kind you have. If bacteria are the cause, antibiotics should help. If you have viral pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to treat it. Preventing pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10813
Concept ID:
C0032285
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the main air passages (bronchi) to your lungs. It causes a cough, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Coughing often brings up yellow or greenish mucus. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is often caused by the same viruses that cause colds. It usually starts as a sore throat, runny nose or sinus infection, then spreads to your airways. It can cause a lingering dry cough, but it usually goes away on its own. Chronic bronchitis is one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The inflamed bronchi produce a lot of mucus. This leads to cough and difficulty getting air in and out of the lungs. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause. Breathing in other fumes and dusts over a long period of time may also cause chronic bronchitis. Treatment will help your symptoms, but chronic bronchitis is a long-term condition that keeps coming back or never goes away completely.NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2736
Concept ID:
C0006277
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects your airways. Your airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, the inside walls of your airways become sore and swollen. That makes them very sensitive, and they may react strongly to things that you are allergic to or find irritating. When your airways react, they get narrower and your lungs get less air. Symptoms of asthma include. -Wheezing. -Coughing, especially early in the morning or at night. -Chest tightness. -Shortness of breath. Not all people who have asthma have these symptoms. Having these symptoms doesn't always mean that you have asthma. Your doctor will diagnose asthma based on lung function tests, your medical history, and a physical exam. You may also have allergy tests. When your asthma symptoms become worse than usual, it's called an asthma attack. Severe asthma attacks may require emergency care, and they can be fatal. Asthma is treated with two kinds of medicines: quick-relief medicines to stop asthma symptoms and long-term control medicines to prevent symptoms. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2109
Concept ID:
C0004096
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Infections

MedGen UID:
833099
Concept ID:
CN228891
Finding
7.

Allergy

MedGen UID:
830738
Concept ID:
C0489531
Finding
8.

Bronchiolitis

Inflammation of the bronchioles. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506630
Concept ID:
CN167676
Finding
9.

Asthma

Asthma is characterized by increased responsiveness of the tracheobronchial tree to multiple stimuli, leading to narrowing of the air passages with resultant dyspnea, cough, and wheezing. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505101
Concept ID:
CN001900
Finding
10.

Pneumonia

Inflammation of any part of the lung parenchyma. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505095
Concept ID:
CN001891
Finding
11.

Sinusitis

Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses owing to a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection, allergy, or an autoimmune reaction. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504406
Concept ID:
CN000238
Finding
12.

Recurrent bronchitis

An increased susceptibility to bronchitis as manifested by a history of recurrent bronchitis. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
148159
Concept ID:
C0741796
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Recurrent sinusitis

A recurrent form of sinusitis. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
107919
Concept ID:
C0581354
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Recurrent infections

Increased susceptibility to microbial infections, as manifested by recurrent episodes of infection. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
65998
Concept ID:
C0239998
Finding
15.

Obstructive lung disease

Obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
154671
Concept ID:
C0600260
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Otitis media

Inflammation or infection of the middle ear. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
45253
Concept ID:
C0029882
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Rhonchi

An abnormal sound similar to snoring heard on auscultation of the bronchial airways, suggesting a partial obstruction due to thick secretions, a muscular spasm, or a neoplasm. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19792
Concept ID:
C0035508
Finding; Sign or Symptom
18.

Disorder of bronchus

The bronchi are two tubes that branch off the trachea, or windpipe. The bronchi carry air to your lungs. The most common problem with the bronchi is bronchitis, an inflammation of the tubes. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Other problems include. -Bronchiectasis, a condition in which damage to the airways causes them to widen and become flabby and scarred. -Exercise-induced bronchospasm, which happens when the airways shrink while you are exercising. -Bronchiolitis, an inflammation of the small airways that branch off from the bronchi. -Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, a condition affecting infants. Treatment of bronchial disorders depends on the cause.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14233
Concept ID:
C0006261
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Respiratory tract infection

Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11199
Concept ID:
C0035243
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Disorder of lung

When you breathe, your lungs take in oxygen from the air and deliver it to the bloodstream. The cells in your body need oxygen to work and grow. During a normal day, you breathe nearly 25,000 times. People with lung disease have difficulty breathing. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States. The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, COPD, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems. Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
7399
Concept ID:
C0024115
Disease or Syndrome
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