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Baldness, male pattern(MPB; AGA1)

MedGen UID:
56404
Concept ID:
C0162311
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: AGA1; ALOPECIA, ANDROGENETIC, 1; Androgenetic Alopecia; BALDNESS, MALE PATTERN; MPB
Modes of inheritance:
Sex-limited autosomal dominant
MedGen UID:
427882
Concept ID:
CN001346
Intellectual Product
SNOMED CT: Male pattern alopecia (87872006); Common baldness (87872006); Hereditary alopecia (87872006); Male pattern baldness (87872006); Androgenic alopecia (87872006); Alopecia hereditaria (201144006); Pattern baldness (87872006); Androgenetic alopecia (87872006)
 
Cytogenetic location: 3q26
OMIM®: 109200

Definition

Androgenetic alopecia is characterized by a loss of hair from the scalp that follows a defined pattern (Hamilton, 1951). It occurs in women as well as in men. It is caused by a shortening of the anagen (growth) phase and miniaturization of the hair follicle, which results in the formation of progressively thinner, shorter hair (Bergfeld, 1995). In men, the condition is often referred to as male pattern baldness (MPB) and appears to be androgen-dependent (Hamilton, 1942). The condition is hereditary, and follows a pattern that may be consistent with an autosomal dominant trait (Osborn, 1916). Linkage evidence for an autosomal locus on 3q26 (AGA1) has been identified (Hillmer et al., 2008). See 300710 (AGA2) for a discussion of X linkage of androgenetic alopecia. A third locus has been found on chromosome 20p11 (AGA3; 612421). [from OMIM]

Additional description

From GHR
Androgenetic alopecia is a common form of hair loss in both men and women. In men, this condition is also known as male-pattern baldness. Hair is lost in a well-defined pattern, beginning above both temples. Over time, the hairline recedes to form a characteristic "M" shape. Hair also thins at the crown (near the top of the head), often progressing to partial or complete baldness. The pattern of hair loss in women differs from male-pattern baldness. In women, the hair becomes thinner all over the head, and the hairline does not recede. Androgenetic alopecia in women rarely leads to total baldness. Androgenetic alopecia in men has been associated with several other medical conditions including coronary heart disease and enlargement of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland in males that is located below the bladder. Additionally, prostate cancer, disorders of insulin resistance (such as diabetes and obesity), and high blood pressure (hypertension) have been related to androgenetic alopecia. In women, androgenetic alopecia is associated with an increased risk of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is characterized by a hormonal imbalance that can lead to irregular menstruation, acne, excess body hair (hirsutism), and weight gain.  http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/androgenetic-alopecia

Clinical features

Alopecia
MedGen UID:
7982
Concept ID:
C0002170
Finding
You lose up to 100 hairs from your scalp every day. That's normal, and in most people, those hairs grow back. But many men -- and some women -- lose hair as they grow older. You can also lose your hair if you have certain diseases, such as thyroid problems, diabetes, or lupus. If you take certain medicines or have chemotherapy for cancer, you may also lose your hair. Other causes are stress, a low protein diet, a family history, or poor nutrition. . Treatment for hair loss depends on the cause. In some cases, treating the underlying cause will correct the problem. Other treatments include medicines and hair restoration. .

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