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Extrapyramidal disease

MedGen UID:
41927
Concept ID:
C0015371
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Extrapyramidal Disorder; Extrapyramidal Disorders
SNOMED CT: Extrapyramidal disease (76349003); Extrapyramidal disorder (76349003)
 

Definition

A movement disorder caused by defects in the basal ganglia. The clinical manifestations include changes in the muscle tone, dyskinesia, and akinesia. Causes include vascular disorders, degenerative disorders, and antipsychotic drugs. [from NCI]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Pietzarka K, Reimann M, Schmidt C, Herting B, Schöls L, Reichmann H, Berg D, Schrader C, Ziemssen T
J Neural Transm 2010 Apr;117(4):475-9. Epub 2010 Feb 12 doi: 10.1007/s00702-010-0375-x. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 20151311
Friedrich C, Rüdiger H, Schmidt C, Herting B, Prieur S, Junghanns S, Schweitzer K, Globas C, Schöls L, Berg D, Reichmann H, Ziemssen T
J Neural Transm 2008 Nov;115(11):1527-36. Epub 2008 Sep 20 doi: 10.1007/s00702-008-0127-3. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 18806923
Yuan S, Zhang J, Gu M, Xu Y, Chen L, Yao Q, He Q
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 1995;65(1-4):47-53. PMID: 8916329
Członkowska A, Jachowicz-Jeszka J, Członkowski A
Brain Behav Immun 1987 Sep;1(3):197-203. PMID: 2975511
Angel RW
Ann Neurol 1982 Mar;11(3):272-8. doi: 10.1002/ana.410110307. PMID: 7092180

Diagnosis

Deshmukh S, Amar K, Allen SC
Age Ageing 2008 Nov;37(6):721. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afn200. PMID: 19004965
Brotini S, Gigli GL
Sleep Med 2004 Mar;5(2):169-79. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2003.10.012. PMID: 15033140
Yuan S, Zhang J, Gu M, Xu Y, Chen L, Yao Q, He Q
Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 1995;65(1-4):47-53. PMID: 8916329
Hart J Jr, Gordon B
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1990 Nov;53(11):932-4. PMID: 2283522Free PMC Article
Angelini L, Nardocci N, Broggi G, Moretti G, Mainini P
Ital J Neurol Sci 1981 May;2(2):135-8. PMID: 7333815

Therapy

Członkowska A, Jachowicz-Jeszka J, Członkowski A
Brain Behav Immun 1987 Sep;1(3):197-203. PMID: 2975511
Angelini L, Nardocci N, Broggi G, Moretti G, Mainini P
Ital J Neurol Sci 1981 May;2(2):135-8. PMID: 7333815
Calne DB, Eisler T
Med Clin North Am 1979 Jul;63(4):715-27. PMID: 157413
Chase TN, Shoulson I
Adv Neurol 1975;9:359-66. PMID: 1146660
Pelton EW 2nd, Chase TN
Adv Pharmacol Chemother 1975;13:253-304. PMID: 1106161

Prognosis

Friedrich C, Rüdiger H, Schmidt C, Herting B, Prieur S, Junghanns S, Schweitzer K, Globas C, Schöls L, Berg D, Reichmann H, Ziemssen T
J Neural Transm 2008 Nov;115(11):1527-36. Epub 2008 Sep 20 doi: 10.1007/s00702-008-0127-3. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 18806923
Ponka P
Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004 Mar;1012:267-81. PMID: 15105272
Vieregge P, Hagenah J, Heberlein I, Klein C, Ludin HP
Neurology 1999 Aug 11;53(3):566-72. PMID: 10449122
Hart J Jr, Gordon B
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1990 Nov;53(11):932-4. PMID: 2283522Free PMC Article
Hökendorf H
J Int Med Res 1979;7(1):19-28. PMID: 421963

Clinical prediction guides

Ziemssen T, Fuchs G, Greulich W, Reichmann H, Schwarz M, Herting B
J Neurol 2011 May;258(Suppl 2):S339-45. doi: 10.1007/s00415-011-5946-8. PMID: 21560066
Ponka P
Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004 Mar;1012:267-81. PMID: 15105272
Huber SJ, Paulson GW
Eur Neurol 1989;29(3):141-4. PMID: 2731561
Blitzer A, Lovelace RE, Brin MF, Fahn S, Fink ME
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1985 Nov-Dec;94(6 Pt 1):591-4. PMID: 4073737
Donaldson J, McGregor D, LaBella F
Can J Physiol Pharmacol 1982 Nov;60(11):1398-405. PMID: 6129921

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