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Relative bioavailability of rapidly dispersing, plain, and microencapsuled acetylsalicylic acid tablets after single dose administration.

Authors

Siegmund W1, Hoffmann C, Zschiesche M, Steinijans VW, Sauter R, Krüger WD, Diedrich F.
Author information
  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Medical Faculty, Germany.

Journal

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1998 Mar;36(3):133-8.

Affiliation

Abstract

Extent and rate of absorption of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) from rapidly dispersing (Acesal Extra) and plain tablets (Acesal) relative to reference 1 (plain tablets, Aspirin) and from microcapsuled tablets (Micristin) relative to comparable listed tablets (reference 2, Colfarit) were assessed in 2 single-dose (0.5 g ASA), open, randomized, crossover studies with intervals of 14 days between 2 periods. Both studies were performed in 24 male and female healthy volunteers each (age 18-32 years, body weight 48-90 kg, body height 161-190 cm). ASA and its metabolite salicylic acid (SA) were measured with an HPLC method validated for ASA between 0.2 and 20 microg/ml and for SA between 0.4 and 40 microg/ml. The test tablets were considered bioequivalent with reference in extent of absorption if the 90% confidence limits of the AUC0 to infinity ratio were within the range of 0.80-1.25, and in rate of absorption if the confidence limits of the Cmax/AUC0 to infinity ratios were within 0.70-1.43.

RESULTS: Geometric means and 90% confidence limits for the test/reference ratios of the comparisons Acesal vs reference 1, Acesal Extra vs reference 1 and Micristin vs reference 2 were 1.05 (0.97-1.13), 1.13 (1.05-1.22), 1.02 (0.92-1.14) for ASA AUC0 to infinity and 1.02 (0.96-1.07), 1.05 (0.99-1.11), 0.98 (0.91-1.04) for SA AUC0 to infinity, respectively. The results for Cmax/AUC of ASA were 1.16 (1.00-1.34), 1.72 (1.49-1.99), 0.83 (0.73-0.94) and of SA 1.02 (0.98-1.07), 1.07 (1.02-1.12), 0.93 (0.88-0.97).

CONCLUSION: Acesal and Micristin were bioequivalent with the respective references in both extent and rate of absorption. Acesal Extra and reference 1 were bioequivalent with regard to extent only. Acesal Extra was absorbed faster.

PMID

9562228 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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