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Comparative bioequivalence study of two marketed formulation of betamethasone injectable suspensions.

Randomized controlled trial
Zakeri-Milani P, et al. Drug Res (Stuttg). 2013.


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the bioequivalence of generic (test) and branded (reference) formulations of betamethasone injectable suspension in healthy Iranian subjects for the purpose of meeting regulatory requirements for bioequivalence of the generic formulation in Iran.

METHODS: 24 healthy Iranian male volunteers were participated for this single-dose, randomized, open label, 2 period crossover study separated by a 2-week washout period. For the assessment of betamethasone, blood samples were obtained before and at 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 24 h after drug administration. Plasma concentration of betamethasone was analyzed with a simple, rapid and validated high performance liquid chromatography method with ultraviolet detection. Pharmacokinetic parameters, representing the rate (Cmax, Tmax), and the extent (AUC0-t and AUC0-∞) of betamethasone absorption were calculated and analyzed for 2 formulations. The 2 formulations were to be considered bioequivalent if the 90% confidence intervals (CI)s for the logarithm-transformed values of Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ fell within the predetermined range of 80-125%.

RESULTS: The 90% CIs of Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ were 85.4-104.4%, 96.2-112.1% and 98.3-115.8%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Based on the 90% CIs of Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ in these healthy Iranian male subjects, the test and reference formulations of betamethasone injectable suspension met the regulatory requirements for bioequivalence.

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.


23780505 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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