Novel EGFR-TK inhibitor EKB-569 inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation by AKT and MAPK pathways.


Kim H, Lim HY.


J Korean Med Sci. 2011 Dec;26(12):1563-8. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2011.26.12.1563. Epub 2011 Nov 29.



Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapies have been effective in some cancers, but not in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to investigate the drug potential to overcome multi-drug resistance in HCC cells. Thirteen drug-sensitive HCC cells were assessed using the CCK-8 assay. G(0)-G(1) arrest was measured by FACS. Western blot analysis was used to detect the key enzymes in both the Ras/Raf and PI3K pathways. When establishing the IC(50) of HCC to several drugs, including EKB-569, sorafenib, erlotinib, gefitinib, pazopanib, and brivanib, SK-Hep1 cells treated with EKB-569 have shown the highest (72.8%-86.4%) G(0)-G(1) arrest and decreased the phosphorylation of AKT and ERK at the protein level. We found that EKB-569 had higher efficacy in HCC, compared to first generation, reversible EGFR-TK inhibitors. Furthermore, the combination of sorafenib and EKB-569 showed a synergistic effect to inhibit proliferation of SNU-475, previously the most resistant cell to EGFR-TKIs. Therefore, novel EKB-569 in combination with sorafenib may be able to overcome HCC resistance to EGFR-TK inhibitors.


22147992 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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