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Current and emerging trends in Lynch syndrome identification in women with endometrial cancer.

Review article
Resnick KE, et al. Gynecol Oncol. 2009.


OBJECTIVE: Lynch syndrome is a heritable, cancer susceptibility syndrome. This study aims to review current and emerging trends in the identification of Lynch syndrome in the endometrial cancer patient population.

METHODS: We performed a comprehensive review of past and present screening algorithms for Lynch syndrome, including a review of the utility of both the Amsterdam criteria and Bethesda guidelines. Because non-colon cancers have historically not been the focus of Lynch syndrome research, current literature is ripe with questions regarding screening among this patient population. Low BMI, age less than 50, positive family history and pathologic features have all been identified as risk factors in endometrial cancer patients who might benefit from Lynch screening. Additionally, based on experience at our own institution we offer a feasible screening algorithm for these patients.

RESULTS: A comprehensive review of the data demonstrated that immunohistochemistry is becoming an efficient, inexpensive way to screen tumors at risk for mismatch repair deficiency. The sensitivity and specificity of immunohistochemistry for predicting Lynch syndrome approaches 100%. Ideally, prospective screening of all endometrial cancer patients with IHC is a feasible, cost-efficient way to detect Lynch in this patient population given the limitations of using personal/family history of malignancy as well as pathologic risk factors.

CONCLUSION: It is imperative that clinicians be mindful of the risk of Lynch syndrome in women with endometrial cancer. Given the opportunity for colon cancer screening and prevention strategies to be initiated, the identification of probands with endometrial cancer as a result of Lynch syndrome will lead to a reduction in morbidity and mortality for these patients and their families.


19375789 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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