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Comparison of 30% salicylic acid with Jessner's solution for superficial chemical peeling in epidermal melasma.

Randomized controlled trial
Ejaz A, et al. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of Jessner's solution with 30% salicylic acid as superficial chemical peeling agents in treating epidermal melasma in Asian skin.

STUDY DESIGN: Double blind, randomized, interventional comparative study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Dermatology, Combined Military Hospital, Malir Cantt, Karachi, from January to December 2004.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty consenting patients with epidermal melasma were randomly divided into two groups. Group A was treated with Jessner's solution and Group B with 30% salicylic acid. Baseline Melasma Area Severity Index (MASI) score was noted and peeling started at 2-weekly intervals. Sunscreen in morning and moisturizer at night were prescribed in all patients. MASI score and adverse effects were recorded biweekly. Treatment was stopped at 12 weeks and patients were followed-up at 4 weekly intervals for further 12 weeks. Final MASI score and adverse effects were noted at the end of follow-up period. Mean MASI scores were compared using paired sample t-test and one-way ANOVA.

RESULTS: Difference in baseline, treatment end and follow-up end MASI scores was not statistically significant between the two groups (p 0.54, 0.26, and 0.55 respectively). On the other hand, within group analysis of difference between pre and posttreatment MASI score was highly significant in both groups (p<0.0001). Adverse effects were mild and comparable in both groups.

CONCLUSION: Jessner's solution and 30% salicylic acid are equally effective and safe peeling agents for use in epidermal melasma in Asian skin.

PMID

18474151 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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