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Lumbar bone marrow microcirculation measurements from dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is a predictor of event-free survival in progressive multiple myeloma.

Hillengass J, et al. Clin Cancer Res. 2007.


PURPOSE: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with high temporal resolution enables the detection of microcirculation variables amplitude A and exchange rate constant k(ep). In this study, the prognostic value of the DCE-MRI variables for overall survival and event-free survival in patients with progressive multiple myeloma was investigated.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Between 1999 and 2001, 65 patients with progressive or relapse of multiple myeloma requiring therapy were investigated with DCE-MRI of the lumbar spine before start of therapy. The contrast uptake was quantified using a two-compartment model with the output variables amplitude A and exchange rate constant k(ep) reflecting bone marrow microcirculation. The estimated median follow-up was 56 months. Event-free survival and overall survival were investigated for DCE-MRI variables and for established prognosis variables (beta(2)-microglobulin, lactate dehydrogenase, albumin, and age).

RESULTS: Using a multivariate Cox regression model, beta(2)-microglobulin and amplitude A of DCE-MRI were identified as statistically significant prognostic variable of event-free survival with Ps of 0.01 and 0.02, respectively. A statistical correlation of DCE-MRI variables with overall survival could not be found. The multivariate analysis of beta(2)-microglobulin, age, lactate dehydrogenase, and albumin revealed beta(2)-microglobulin as statistically significant prognostic factor for overall survival in this group of patients (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: This analysis identifies contrast-enhanced DCE-MRI variable amplitude A reflecting increased bone marrow microcirculation and angiogenesis as a novel and possibly useful prognostic factor in patients with multiple myeloma. Prospective studies are currently done to further investigate this functional variable for prognosis and stratification of myeloma patients.


17255268 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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