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XDH xanthine dehydrogenase

Also known as: XO; XOR

Summary

Xanthine dehydrogenase belongs to the group of molybdenum-containing hydroxylases involved in the oxidative metabolism of purines. The encoded protein has been identified as a moonlighting protein based on its ability to perform mechanistically distinct functions. Xanthine dehydrogenase can be converted to xanthine oxidase by reversible sulfhydryl oxidation or by irreversible proteolytic modification. Defects in xanthine dehydrogenase cause xanthinuria, may contribute to adult respiratory stress syndrome, and may potentiate influenza infection through an oxygen metabolite-dependent mechanism. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2014]

Associated conditions

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DescriptionTests
Deficiency of xanthine oxidase
MedGen: C0268118OMIM: 278300GeneReviews: Not available
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Genomic context

Location:
2p23.1
Sequence:
Chromosome: 2; NC_000002.12 (31334309..31414749, complement)
Total number of exons:
37

Links

  • BioSystems
    BioSystems
  • ClinVar
    Related medical variations
  • dbVar
    Link from Gene to dbVar
  • MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • OMIM
    Links between OMIM and Gene are calculated by Gene based on MIM numbers included in the summary and phenotype sections of the Gene record.
  • PubMed (OMIM)
    Links are provided when Gene has a link to a record in OMIM, and OMIM explicitly cites these publications in PubMed.
  • RefSeq RNAs
    Link to Nucleotide RefSeq RNAs
  • RefSeqGene
    Link to Nucleotide RefSeqGenes
  • SNP: GeneView
    SNPs linked from GeneView
  • SNP: VarView
    Related Clinical SNP
  • XDH database

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