GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer type 8

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Lynch Syndrome
Lynch syndrome, caused by a germline mutation (i.e. pathogenic variant in the germline) in a mismatch repair gene and associated with tumors exhibiting microsatellite instability (MSI), is characterized by an increased risk for colon cancer and cancers of the endometrium, ovary, stomach, small intestine, hepatobiliary tract, urinary tract, brain, and skin. In individuals with Lynch syndrome the following life time risks for cancer are seen: 52%-82% for colorectal cancer (mean age at diagnosis 44-61 years); 25%-60% for endometrial cancer in women (mean age at diagnosis 48-62 years); 6% to 13% for gastric cancer (mean age at diagnosis 56 years); and 4%-12% for ovarian cancer (mean age at diagnosis 42.5 years; approximately 30% are diagnosed before age 40 years). The risk for other Lynch syndrome-related cancers is lower, though substantially increased over general population rates.

Associated genes

  • Also known as: DIAR5, EGP-2, EGP314, EGP40, ESA, HNPCC8, KS1/4, KSA, M4S1, MIC18, MK-1, TACSTD1, TROP1, EPCAM
    Summary: epithelial cell adhesion molecule

Clinical features

  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma

IMPORTANT NOTE: NIH does not independently verify information submitted to the GTR; it relies on submitters to provide information that is accurate and not misleading. NIH makes no endorsements of tests or laboratories listed in the GTR. GTR is not a substitute for medical advice. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.

Write to the Help Desk