GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Lattice corneal dystrophy Type I

Summary

Lattice corneal dystrophy type I is an eye disorder that affects the clear, outer covering of the eye called the cornea. The cornea must remain clear for an individual to see properly; however, in lattice corneal dystrophy type I, protein clumps known as amyloid deposits cloud the cornea, which leads to vision impairment. The cornea is made up of several layers of tissue, and in lattice corneal dystrophy type I, the deposits form in the stromal layer. The amyloid deposits form as delicate, branching fibers that create a lattice pattern. Affected individuals often have recurrent corneal erosions, which are caused by separation of particular layers of the cornea from one another. Corneal erosions are very painful and can cause sensitivity to bright light (photophobia). Lattice corneal dystrophy type I is usually bilateral, which means it affects both eyes. The condition becomes apparent in childhood or adolescence and leads to ... vision problems by early adulthood. [from GHR] more

Associated genes

  • Also known as: BIGH3, CDB1, CDG2, CDGG1, CSD, CSD1, CSD2, CSD3, EBMD, LCD1, TGFBI
    Summary: transforming growth factor, beta-induced, 68kDa

Clinical features

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  • Progressive visual loss
  • Recurrent corneal erosions
  • Lattice corneal dystrophy

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