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CCNC cyclin C [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 892, updated on 11-Sep-2014
Official Symbol
CCNCprovided by HGNC
Official Full Name
cyclin Cprovided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:1581
Locus tag
RP1-199J3.1
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000112237; HPRD:00456; MIM:123838; Vega:OTTHUMG00000015268
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
CycC
Summary
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the cyclin family of proteins. The encoded protein interacts with cyclin-dependent kinase 8 and induces the phophorylation of the carboxy-terminal domain of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II. The level of mRNAs for this gene peaks in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
See CCNC in Epigenomics, MapViewer
Location:
6q21
Exon count:
13
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 6 NC_000006.12 (99542387..99568973, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 6 NC_000006.11 (99990263..100016849, complement)

Chromosome 6 - NC_000006.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene ubiquitin specific peptidase 45 Neighboring gene thiosulfate sulfurtransferase (rhodanese)-like domain containing 3 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S3 pseudogene 5 Neighboring gene PR domain containing 13

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

Protein interactions

Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
Tat tat HIV-1 Tat interacts with the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme, which includes cyclin c, during Tat-mediated transactivation of the HIV-1 LTR PubMed

Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

  • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemWhen found in cis, HD and PEST domain mutations act synergistically, increasing NOTCH1 transcriptional activity up to ~40-fold, compared with up to ~10-fold and up to ~2-fold increase with HD mutatio...
  • Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Constitutive Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants, organism-specific biosystemAs NOTCH1 PEST domain is intracellular, NOTCH1 PEST domain mutants are expected to behave as the wild-type NOTCH1 with respect to ligand binding and proteolytic cleavage mediated activation of signal...
  • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
  • Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Disease, organism-specific biosystemBiological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular ...
  • FBXW7 Mutants and NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    FBXW7 Mutants and NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemFBXW7 (FBW7) is a component of the SCF (SKP1, CUL1, and F-box protein) ubiquitin ligase complex SCF-FBW7 which is involved in the degradation of NOTCH1 (Oberg et al. 2001, Wu et al. 2001, Fryer et al...
  • Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Fatty acid, triacylglycerol, and ketone body metabolism, organism-specific biosystemThe reactions involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and of the triacylglycerols and ketone bodies derived from them form a closely interrelated, coordinately regulated module that plays a central...
  • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
  • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
  • Loss of Function of SMAD2/3 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of Function of SMAD2/3 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemLoss-of-function of SMAD2 and SMAD3 in cancer occurs less frequently than the loss of SMAD4 function and was studied in most detail in colorectal cancer (Fleming et al. 2013). Similarly to SMAD4, cod...
  • Loss of Function of SMAD4 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of Function of SMAD4 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemSMAD4 was identified as a gene homozygously deleted in ~30% of pancreatic cancers and was named DPC4 (DPC stands for deleted in pancreatic cancer). SMAD4 maps to the chromosomal band 18q21.1, and abo...
  • Loss of Function of TGFBR1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of Function of TGFBR1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemTGF-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) loss-of-function is a less frequent mechanism for inactivation of TGF-beta signaling in cancer compared to SMAD4 and TGFBR2 inactivation. Genomic deletion of TGFBR1 locus...
  • Loss of Function of TGFBR2 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Loss of Function of TGFBR2 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemLoss-of-function of transforming growth factor-beta receptor II (TGFBR2) is most prevalent in colorectal cancer. Over 60% of colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI) harbor inactivati...
  • Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism, organism-specific biosystemMetabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as th...
  • Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins, organism-specific biosystemLipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphi...
  • NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    NOTCH1 Intracellular Domain Regulates Transcription, organism-specific biosystemNICD1 produced by activation of NOTCH1 in response to Delta and Jagged ligands (DLL/JAG) presented in trans, traffics to the nucleus where it acts as a transcription regulator. In the nucleus, NICD1 ...
  • PPARA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    PPARA activates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemThe set of genes regulated by PPAR-alpha is not fully known in humans, however many examples have been found in mice. Genes directly activated by PPAR-alpha contain peroxisome proliferator receptor e...
  • Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Regulation of lipid metabolism by Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha), organism-specific biosystemPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-alpha) is the major regulator of fatty acid oxidation in the liver. PPARalpha is also the target of fibrate drugs used to treat abnormal plasma ...
  • SMAD2/3 MH2 Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAD2/3 MH2 Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the MH2 domain of SMAD2 and SMAD3 affect their ability to form heterotrimers with SMAD4, thereby impairing TGF-beta signaling (Fleming et al. 2013).The SMAD2 and SMAD3 MH2 domain residue...
  • SMAD2/3 Phosphorylation Motif Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAD2/3 Phosphorylation Motif Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe conserved phosphorylation motif Ser-Ser-X-Ser at the C-terminus of SMAD2 and SMAD3 is subject to disruptive mutations in cancer. The last two serine residues in this conserved motif, namely Ser46...
  • SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer regulates transcription, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer regulates transcription, organism-specific biosystemAfter phosphorylated SMAD2 and/or SMAD3 form a heterotrimer with SMAD4, SMAD2/3:SMAD4 complex translocates to the nucleus (Xu et al. 2000, Kurisaki et al. 2001, Xiao et al. 2003). In the nucleus, lin...
  • SMAD4 MH2 Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    SMAD4 MH2 Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe MH2 domain of SMAD4 is the most frequently mutated SMAD4 region in cancer. MH2 domain mutations result in the loss of function of SMAD4 by abrogating the formation of transcriptionally active het...
  • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
  • Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH, organism-specific biosystemThe Notch Signaling Pathway (NSP) is a highly conserved pathway for cell-cell communication. NSP is involved in the regulation of cellular differentiation, proliferation, and specification. For exam...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 functions as both a transmembrane receptor presented on the cell surface and as a transcriptional regulator in the nucleus.NOTCH1 receptor presented on the plasma membrane is activated by a me...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 HD Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 HD Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 heterodimerization domain mutations are frequently found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) (Weng et al. 2004) and result in constitutive activity of NOTCH1 mutants (Malecki et al....
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 HD+PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the heterodimerization domain (HD) and PEST domain of NOTCH1 are frequently found in cis in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. While HD mutations alone result in up to ~10-fold increas...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 PEST Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemNOTCH1 PEST domain mutations are frequently found in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). PEST domain mutations interfere with ubiquitination-mediated NOTCH1 downregulation and result in prol...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemHuman NOTCH1 was cloned as a chromosome 9 gene, translocated to the T-cell beta receptor (TCBR) promoter on chromosome 7 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) (Ellisen et al. 1991). This tra...
  • Signaling by NOTCH1 t(7;9)(NOTCH1:M1580_K2555) Translocation Mutant, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by NOTCH1 t(7;9)(NOTCH1:M1580_K2555) Translocation Mutant, organism-specific biosystemHuman NOTCH1 was cloned as a chromosome 9 gene, translocated to the T-cell beta receptor (TCBR) promoter on chromosome 7 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) (Ellisen et al. 1991). The tran...
  • Signaling by TGF-beta Receptor Complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by TGF-beta Receptor Complex, organism-specific biosystemThe TGF-beta/BMP pathway incorporates several signaling pathways that share most, but not all, components of a central signal transduction engine. The general signaling scheme is rather simple: upon ...
  • Signaling by TGF-beta Receptor Complex in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Signaling by TGF-beta Receptor Complex in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemSignaling by the TGF-beta receptor complex is tumor suppressive, as it inhibits cell growth and promotes cell differentiation and apoptosis (Shipley et al. 1986, Hannon et al. 1994, Datto et al. 1995...
  • TGFBR1 KD Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TGFBR1 KD Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the kinase domain (KD) of TGF-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) have been found in Ferguson-Smith tumor i.e. multiple self-healing squamous epithelioma - MSSE (Goudie et al. 2011), breast cancer ...
  • TGFBR1 LBD Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TGFBR1 LBD Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMutations in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of TGF-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) have been reported as germline mutations in Ferguson-Smith tumor (multiple self-healing squamous epithelioma - MSSE), an a...
  • TGFBR2 Kinase Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TGFBR2 Kinase Domain Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemMissense mutations in the kinase domain (KD) of TGF-beta receptor II (TGFBR2) are found in ~20% of microsatellite stable (MSS) colon cancers and make affected tumors resistant to TGF-beta (TGFB1)-med...
  • TGFBR2 MSI Frameshift Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    TGFBR2 MSI Frameshift Mutants in Cancer, organism-specific biosystemThe short adenine repeat in the coding sequence of TGF-beta receptor II (TGFBR2) gene is frequently targeted by loss-of-function frameshift mutations in colon cancers with microsatellite instability ...
  • Transcriptional activity of SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional activity of SMAD2/SMAD3:SMAD4 heterotrimer, organism-specific biosystemIn the nucleus, SMAD2/3:SMAD4 heterotrimer complex acts as a transcriptional regulator. The activity of SMAD2/3 complex is regulated both positively and negatively by association with other transcrip...
  • Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation, organism-specific biosystemAdipogenesis is the process of cell differentiation by which preadipocytes become adipocytes. During this process the preadipocytes cease to proliferate, begin to accumulate lipid droplets and develo...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Homology

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
protein binding IPI
Inferred from Physical Interaction
more info
PubMed 
protein kinase binding IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II, holoenzyme IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
mediator complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
nucleoplasm TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
Preferred Names
cyclin-C
Names
cyclin-C
hSRB11
SRB11 homolog

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001013399.1NP_001013417.1  cyclin-C isoform b

    See proteins identical to NP_001013417.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (2) uses an alternate splice site compared to variant 1, that results in the use of a downstream translational start codon. The resulting isoform (b) is shorter at the N-terminus compared to isoform a.
    Source sequence(s)
    BC056153, BM788717
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS47461.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P24863
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q7Z4L3
    Conserved Domains (2) summary
    COG5333
    Location:4184
    CCL1; Cdk activating kinase (CAK)/RNA polymerase II transcription initiation/nucleotide excision repair factor TFIIH/TFIIK, cyclin H subunit [Cell division and chromosome partitioning / Transcription / DNA replication, recombination, and repair]
    cd00043
    Location:67150
    CYCLIN; Cyclin box fold. Protein binding domain functioning in cell-cycle and transcription control. Present in cyclins, TFIIB and Retinoblastoma (RB).The cyclins consist of 8 classes of cell cycle regulators that regulate cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs). TFIIB ...
  2. NM_005190.3NP_005181.2  cyclin-C isoform a

    See proteins identical to NP_005181.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript and encodes the longer isoform (a).
    Source sequence(s)
    BC041123, BC056153, BM788717
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS34502.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P24863
    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    Q7Z4L3
    Related
    ENSP00000428982, OTTHUMP00000016897, ENST00000520429, OTTHUMT00000041613
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00043
    Location:48143
    CYCLIN; Cyclin box fold. Protein binding domain functioning in cell-cycle and transcription control. Present in cyclins, TFIIB and Retinoblastoma (RB).The cyclins consist of 8 classes of cell cycle regulators that regulate cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs). TFIIB ...

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000006.12 

    Range
    99542387..99568973
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. XM_006715594.1XP_006715657.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_006715657.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    E5RFK5
    Related
    ENSP00000430381, OTTHUMP00000225533, ENST00000520371, OTTHUMT00000376691
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00043
    Location:48143
    CYCLIN; Cyclin box fold. Protein binding domain functioning in cell-cycle and transcription control. Present in cyclins, TFIIB and Retinoblastoma (RB).The cyclins consist of 8 classes of cell cycle regulators that regulate cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs). TFIIB ...
  2. XM_005267202.1XP_005267259.1  

    See proteins identical to XP_005267259.1

    UniProtKB/TrEMBL
    E5RFK5
    Related
    ENSP00000430294, OTTHUMP00000225541, ENST00000518714, OTTHUMT00000041615
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    cd00043
    Location:48143
    CYCLIN; Cyclin box fold. Protein binding domain functioning in cell-cycle and transcription control. Present in cyclins, TFIIB and Retinoblastoma (RB).The cyclins consist of 8 classes of cell cycle regulators that regulate cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs). TFIIB ...

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000138.1 

    Range
    97430596..97457015
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018917.2 

    Range
    100253182..100279594
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)