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FXYD2 FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

Gene ID: 486, updated on 13-Jan-2015
Official Symbol
FXYD2provided by HGNC
Official Full Name
FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2provided by HGNC
Primary source
HGNC:HGNC:4026
See related
Ensembl:ENSG00000137731; HPRD:03487; MIM:601814; Vega:OTTHUMG00000166990
Gene type
protein coding
RefSeq status
REVIEWED
Organism
Homo sapiens
Lineage
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Also known as
HOMG2; ATP1G1
Summary
This gene encodes a member of the FXYD family of transmembrane proteins. This particular protein encodes the sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Renal Hypomagnesemia-2. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described. Read-through transcripts have been observed between this locus and the upstream FXYD domain-containing ion transport regulator 6 (FXYD6, GeneID 53826) locus.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
Orthologs
See FXYD2 in MapViewer
Location:
11q23
Exon count:
7
Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
106 current GRCh38 (GCF_000001405.26) 11 NC_000011.10 (117820075..117828092, complement)
105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 11 NC_000011.9 (117690790..117699408, complement)

Chromosome 11 - NC_000011.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene centrosomal protein 164kDa Neighboring gene proline rich 13 pseudogene 3 Neighboring gene Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule like 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC101929039 Neighboring gene FXYD6-FXYD2 readthrough Neighboring gene FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 6 Neighboring gene transmembrane protease, serine 13

GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
  • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
  • Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, conserved biosystemSodium transport across the tight epithelia of Na+ reabsorbing tissues such as the distal part of the kidney nephron and colon is the major factor determining total-body Na+ levels, and thus, long-te...
  • Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bile secretion, organism-specific biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
  • Bile secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Bile secretion, conserved biosystemBile is a vital secretion, essential for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine. Moreover, bile is an important route of elimination for excess cholesterol a...
  • Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
    Calcium Regulation in the Cardiac Cell, organism-specific biosystemCalcium is a common signaling mechanism, as once it enters the cytoplasm it exerts allosteric regulatory affects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction after influx resu...
  • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
  • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Carbohydrate digestion and absorption, conserved biosystemDietary carbohydrate in humans and omnivorous animals is a major nutrient. The carbohydrates that we ingest vary from the lactose in milk to complex carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are digested t...
  • Cardiac muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cardiac muscle contraction, organism-specific biosystemContraction of the heart is a complex process initiated by the electrical excitation of cardiac myocytes (excitation-contraction coupling, ECC). In cardiac myocytes, Ca2+ influx induced by activation...
  • Cardiac muscle contraction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Cardiac muscle contraction, conserved biosystemContraction of the heart is a complex process initiated by the electrical excitation of cardiac myocytes (excitation-contraction coupling, ECC). In cardiac myocytes, Ca2+ influx induced by activation...
  • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, organism-specific biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
  • Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Endocrine and other factor-regulated calcium reabsorption, conserved biosystemCalcium (Ca2+) is essential for numerous physiological functions including intracellular signalling processes, neuronal excitability, muscle contraction and bone formation. Therefore, its homeostasis...
  • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells are specialised endocrine cells that continuously sense the levels of blood sugar and other fuels and, in response, secrete insulin to maintain normal fuel homeostasis. Glucose-...
  • Ion channel transport, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ion channel transport, organism-specific biosystemIon channels mediate the flow of ions across the plasma membrane of cells. They are integral membrane proteins, typically a multimer of proteins, which, when arranged in the membrane, create a pore f...
  • Ion transport by P-type ATPases, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Ion transport by P-type ATPases, organism-specific biosystemThe P-type ATPases (E1-E2 ATPases) are a large group of evolutionarily related ion pumps that are found in bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes. They are referred to as P-type ATPases because they catal...
  • Mineral absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Mineral absorption, organism-specific biosystemMinerals are one of the five fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Of the minerals, calcium plays innumerable roles in our bodies, serving as a main component of bone as well as an ...
  • Mineral absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Mineral absorption, conserved biosystemMinerals are one of the five fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Of the minerals, calcium plays innumerable roles in our bodies, serving as a main component of bone as well as an ...
  • Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic secretion, organism-specific biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
  • Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Pancreatic secretion, conserved biosystemThe pancreas performs both exocrine and endocrine functions. The exocrine pancreas consists of two parts, the acinar and duct cells. The primary functions of pancreatic acinar cells are to synthesiz...
  • Protein digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein digestion and absorption, organism-specific biosystemProtein is a dietary component essential for nutritional homeostasis in humans. Normally, ingested protein undergoes a complex series of degradative processes following the action of gastric, pancrea...
  • Protein digestion and absorption, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Protein digestion and absorption, conserved biosystemProtein is a dietary component essential for nutritional homeostasis in humans. Normally, ingested protein undergoes a complex series of degradative processes following the action of gastric, pancrea...
  • Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, organism-specific biosystemOne of the major tasks of the renal proximal tubule (PT) is to secrete acid into the tubule lumen, thereby reabsorbing approximately 80% of the filtered bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), as well as generating "...
  • Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, conserved biosystemOne of the major tasks of the renal proximal tubule (PT) is to secrete acid into the tubule lumen, thereby reabsorbing approximately 80% of the filtered bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), as well as generating "...
  • Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salivary secretion, organism-specific biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
  • Salivary secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Salivary secretion, conserved biosystemSaliva has manifold functions in maintaining the integrity of the oral tissues, in protecting teeth from caries, in the tasting and ingestion of food, in speech and in the tolerance of tenures, for e...
  • Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe thyroid hormones (THs) are important regulators of growth, development and metabolism. The action of TH is mainly mediated by T3 (3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine). Thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) a...
  • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
  • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
  • Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules, organism-specific biosystem
    Transmembrane transport of small molecules
  • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
  • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
    cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

Markers

Readthrough FXYD6-FXYD2

Readthrough gene: FXYD6-FXYD2, Included gene: FXYD6

Homology

Clone Names

  • MGC12372

Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

Function Evidence Code Pubs
ion channel activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase activity IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transporter activity TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Process Evidence Code Pubs
ion transmembrane transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
potassium ion transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of cell growth IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
regulation of cell proliferation IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
sodium ion transmembrane transport IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
transmembrane transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
transport TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
PubMed 
Component Evidence Code Pubs
basolateral plasma membrane IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
extracellular vesicular exosome IDA
Inferred from Direct Assay
more info
PubMed 
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
plasma membrane TAS
Traceable Author Statement
more info
 
sodium:potassium-exchanging ATPase complex IEA
Inferred from Electronic Annotation
more info
 
Preferred Names
sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma
Names
sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma
sodium pump gamma chain
Na(+)/K(+) ATPase subunit gamma
ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting, gamma 1 polypeptide

RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

Genomic

  1. NG_011543.1 

    Range
    5001..13018
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

mRNA and Protein(s)

  1. NM_001680.4NP_001671.2  sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma isoform 1

    See proteins identical to NP_001671.2

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (a) represents the most predominant transcript and encodes isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA814197, AF241236, BC013289
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8386.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P54710
    Related
    ENSP00000292079, OTTHUMP00000233059, ENST00000292079, OTTHUMT00000390050
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam02038
    Location:1262
    ATP1G1_PLM_MAT8; ATP1G1/PLM/MAT8 family
  2. NM_021603.3NP_067614.1  sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit gamma isoform 2

    See proteins identical to NP_067614.1

    Status: REVIEWED

    Description
    Transcript Variant: This variant (b) contains an alternate 5' terminal exon compared to transcript variant a, resulting in a slightly shorter isoform (2) with a distinct N-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
    Source sequence(s)
    AA309757, AA814197, AF241236, BC005302
    Consensus CDS
    CCDS8385.1
    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    P54710
    Related
    ENSP00000260287, OTTHUMP00000233060, ENST00000260287, OTTHUMT00000390051
    Conserved Domains (1) summary
    pfam02038
    Location:1060
    ATP1G1_PLM_MAT8; ATP1G1/PLM/MAT8 family

RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 106

The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

Reference GRCh38 Primary Assembly

Genomic

  1. NC_000011.10 

    Range
    117820075..117828092
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate CHM1_1.1

Genomic

  1. NC_018922.2 

    Range
    117576366..117584383
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Alternate HuRef

Genomic

  1. AC_000143.1 

    Range
    113624622..113632639
    Download
    GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

Suppressed Reference Sequence(s)

The following Reference Sequences have been suppressed. Explain

  1. NM_001127489.1: Suppressed sequence

    Description
    NM_001127489.1: This RefSeq was permanently suppressed because currently there is insufficient support for the transcript and the protein.